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Monday, December 18 • 11:50 - 13:20
Artificial Intelligence and Inclusion (WS241)

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Proposer's Name: Ms. Celina Bottino
Proposer's Organization: Institute of Technology and Society of Rio
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Chinmayi Arun
Co-Proposer's Organization: Centre for Communication Governance (CCG) at National Law University, Delhi
Ms.,Celina,BOTTINO,civil society,Institute of Technology and Society of Rio
Ms., Chinmayi,ARUN,civil society,Center for Communication Governance at National Law University, Delhi

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: Brazil
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Country: India
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Malavika Jayaram
Speaker: Chinmayi Arun
Speaker: Urs Gasser

Content of the Session:
The policy debates about Artificial Intelligence (AI) have been predominantly dominated by organizations and actors in the Global North. There is a growing need for a more diverse perspective regarding the policy issues and consequences of AI. The developing world will be directly affected by the deployment of AI technologies and services. However, there is a lack of informed perspectives to participate in the policy debates.

This roundtable is a follow up to the international event “Artificial Intelligence and Inclusion” held in Rio de Janeiro earlier this year. The discussion will be focused on development of Artificial Intelligence and its impact on inclusion in different areas such as health and wellbeing, education, low-resource communities, public safety and security, employment and workplace, and entertainment, media and journalism, among others. The goal of this roundtable is to bring the debates of the this international event to the IGF community, enlarging the conversation and deepening the understanding of AI inclusion challenges and opportunities, to identify and discuss areas for research, education and action.

We want to identify, map, understand, and address the manifold issues around AI and Inclusion from an interdisciplinary perspective, with a particular focus on two (often interrelated, but analytically distinct) dimensions of inclusion: First, the complex set of issues concerning the geographic divide between the Global North and the Global South when it comes to the development, design, and application of AI-based technologies. Second, the uneven impact of AI and related technologies on often marginalized communities, including youth, people in rural areas on with low socio-economic status, LGBTQ, ethnic and racial minorities, people with disabilities, girls and women, etc.

Relevance of the Session:
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and related technologies have started to shape important parts of the digital economy and affect core areas of our increasingly networked societies. Whether transportation or manufacturing, social justice or health and education, AI has the potential to deeply impact our lives and shape our individual and collective futures in ways both visible and hidden. The promise of AI-based technologies is enormous, and benefits range from efficiency gains to unprecedented improvements of quality of life. The challenges and potential risks are equally staggering, for instance when considering the uncertainty regarding the future of labor or the emergence of new power structures outside the control of existing governance and accountability frameworks.

The issues arising from these technologies have to be aligned to humans in terms of our moral values and ethical principles. We shall discuss how to make AI behave in a way that is beneficial to people beyond reaching functional and inclusive goals and addressing technical problems. This will allow for an elevated level of trust between humans and our technology that is needed for a fruitful pervasive use of AI in our daily lives

The event will be highly interactive and participatory. This discussion has to be as diverse as possible so we are focussing on speakers from global south countries. Artificial Intelligence is par of our digital future and it must be intensively discussed in a multistakeholde environment.

Tag 1: Artificial Intelligence
Tag 2: Emerging Issues
Tag 3: Human Rights

The proposed format is a round table. There will be an initial presentation to set the scene and raise the issues that will be debated. The presentation will be followed by an open discussion. In order to provoke an effective debate representatives from government, technical community, civil society, lawyers and representatives from the global south to participate in the round table.

Introduction by Carlos Affonso - 10 min

Round of presentations by the speakers – TOTAL - 60m

Chinmayi Arun, 12 min (Confirmed)

She is from the Centre for Communication Governance at National Law University, Delhi. She discusses the challenges unchecked AI development could pose to civil liberties in Asia. She argues that in a world of conflicting values, it's going to be difficult to develop values for artificial intelligence that are not the lowest common denominator. She brings perspective from India, a country where the balance of power between the citizens and the state is delicate and in her view, there is a great potential for AI to tip that balance of power in favor of the state. She advocates that AI should be intensively discussed now in order to help the people that are designing it think of it in a way that imagines a better world.

Malavika Jayaram, 12 min (Confirmed)

From the Digital Asia Hub. She discusses the language we use to talk about Artificial Intelligence, and the impact of AI in Asia. She studies the impact of AI on Asian countries, that is not monolithic. Asian countries such as Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore are better equipped and engages with this issue very differently than poorer developing, emerging economies that don’t understand the consequences of AI applications. Malavika have also put together a serie of events in Asia that took place in Hong Kong, Seoul and Japan to discuss challenges of AI and its implications for public good.

Urs Gasser 12 mins (Confirmed)

Executive Director of Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. Urs is leading a global initiative to address Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence that aims to support interdisciplinary research to ensure that AI develops in a way that is ethical, accountable, and advances the public interest.

Sebastian Sposito, 12 mins (confirmed)

Public Policy and Governmental Relations Analyst from Google. He is based in Mexico and oversees Google’s initiatives related to Artificial Intelligence. As a representative from the private sector, he will be able to share the views and plans of Google regarding AI.

Government Representative, 12 mins (TBC)

Brazilian government representative that is dealing with technology policies and AI development.

Debate 20 mins

This workshop aims at making the discussion regarding AI and its development as more diverse and inclusive as possible, regarding gender and geography. Bearing this in mind, the workshop is being proposed by women from Global South countries, Brazil and India and the panel includes also another woman from Asia. One of the speaker is a first time IGF organizer. We will also include private sector representative from Latin America to add one more perspective from this region of the globe.

Onsite Moderator: Carlos Affonso Souza
Online Moderator: Fabro Steibel
Rapporteur: Celina Bottino

Online Participation:
We will use ITS Rio’s website and mailing lists of the Network of Centers to gather interested online participants, channeling them into the official IGF WebEx environment to participate in the session. It will also be possible for these online participants to submit contributions to the session in advance by email.

Discussion facilitation:
The workshop will have an onsite moderator that will be responsible for presenting the issues that will be debated and to conduct the debate after his presentation, giving opportunity to the diversity of perspectives. The moderator will engage participants to talk about their regional perspectives regarding AI and inclusion.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: http://www.intgovforum.org/cms/wks2014/index.php/proposal/view_public/126


Session Organizers

Monday December 18, 2017 11:50 - 13:20 CET
Room IX - A United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)