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Tuesday, December 19 • 10:40 - 12:10
A Digital Geneva Convention to protect cyberspace (WS34)

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Proposer's Name: Ms. Jessica Zucker
Proposer's Organization: Microsoft Corporation
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Kaja Ciglic
Co-Proposer's Organization: Microsoft
Mr. Paul, Nicholas, Private Sector, Microsoft Mr. Duncan, Hollis, Civil Society, Temple University, Geneva Internet Platform/Diplo Foundation

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: United States
Stakeholder Group: Private Sector

Country: United States
Stakeholder Group: Private Sector

Speaker: Latha Reddy
Speaker: Konstantinos Komaitis
Speaker: Paul Nicholas
Speaker: Ben Hiller
Speaker: Elina Noor
Speaker: Fathi Derder
Speaker: Marilia Maciel
Speaker: Yvette Issar

Content of the Session:
Effective cybersecurity is critical to international peace and economic stability; however governments continue to invest in greater offensive capabilities in cyberspace, and nation-state attacks on civilians are on the rise. The world needs new rules to protect and defend civilians against nation-sponsored attacks. The creation of a Digital Geneva Convention can play the central role in safeguarding citizens, infrastructure, and private companies around the world from state-led or state-sanctioned cyberattacks in times of peace. Every day we are reminded why we need an international treaty to protect civilians, and while the work done to date, through vehicles such as the G7, G20, and United Nations Group of Governmental Experts (UNGGE) are essential, a gap still exists between these intended efforts and everyday reality. The process of creating the Digital Geneva Convention involves formidable challenges. It will require political will and commitment from government leaders across the world. It will also necessitate drawing from lessons learned from other similar processes in non-ICT sectors, which were spearheaded by non-governmental groups. The purpose of this workshop is to bring together cybersecurity and technology policy experts from different stakeholder groups to raise awareness of the crucial issue of cybersecurity norms, the gap in international efforts and reality, and discuss a potential way forward. By building on the work done to date, governments, the technology sector and civil society groups can pave the way for an agreement that will ensure a stable and secure cyberspace.

Relevance of the Session:
This panel discussion on the Digital Geneva Convention and international cybersecurity norms underpins the future of our online environment and is as such directly related to the main theme of IGF 2017 – Shape your Digital future. It also represents a different take on the issue of cybersecurity than workshops that have typically been included in IGF and have traditionally focused on awareness raising and capacity building.
It is nevertheless critical to this audience: the discussions around behavior of states online cannot remain in the realm of the diplomats alone, but need to include and be shaped by the civil society and the industry. The session will provide an opportunity to provide input into an initiative started by Microsoft to shape the government debate, as well as give space to government stakeholders involved in the discussions to present their views and state of play.

Tag 1: Cybersecurity Norms
Tag 2: Confidence building measures
Tag 3: Digital Geneva Convention

Speakers have been chosen to reflect their expertise in the debate on cybersecurity norms, as well as their different viewpoints, given that they come from different background both in terms of sector and geography. That diversity will help stimulate the discussion and provide a broad range of perspectives to the audience.
All the speakers will be initially given 5 minutes to present their views through a managed set of questions and answers with the moderator, to ensure the audience is brought up to speed with the debate on the subject. Thereafter the moderator will ensure that they are given an opportunity to answer in a balanced manner.

This workshop aims to gather a variety of stakeholders to raise awareness of the importance of the multistakeholder dialogue in cybersecurity norms discussion, a debate that has typically been limited to the domain of nation states. To this end, we will seek to ensure that civil society is represented, as is academia and industry, as well as participants that bring different government perspectives to the table.
Efforts will be made to introduce new perspectives in the dialogue which have not been heard in Internet governance discussions. Special attention will be made throughout the planning of the session to ensure diverse interventions from workshop participants can be facilitated through the break-out group discussion and organizers will encourage and incorporate remote participation on social media.
Gender balance has been encouraged through speaker choices and each speaker will bring unique expertise and experience to the topics discussed.

Onsite Moderator: Duncan Hollis
Online Moderator: Kaja Ciglic, Tereza Horejsova
Rapporteur: Jessica Zucker

Online Participation:
The online moderator will work closely with the on-site moderator to prepare the session ahead of time, ensuring that they are aware of the questions and the topic areas that will be raised in the room. The online moderator will also facilitate discussion ahead of the event, requesting questions and driving engagement and interest in the session on social media platforms, such as Twitter and LinkedIn, as well as on the websites and events or other activities of the co-organizers. The online moderator will generate interest in the weeks prior to the event through a targeted social media campaign, leveraging Twitter hashtags and blog posts.  During the session itself, the moderator will facilitate the discussion online, highlighting the key points raised, as well as responding to questions received online and ensuring that they are raised in the room.  Online attendees will have a separate queue and microphone, which will rotate equally with the mics in the room. Following the session, the speakers will all be available for a moderated Q&A on Twitter.

Discussion facilitation:
The panel participants have been carefully selected for their expertise to allow the discussion to be grounded in the most up to date information. After their initial intervention, the moderator will actively seek to gather feedback and questions from the audience to ensure that participation in the discussion is as broad as possible and questions or concerns from the audience are addressed. As debates around cybersecurity norms have largely remained in the domain of nation states, a forum such as IGF presents a unique opportunity to gather voices from civil society, academia and the private sector to move the needle forward.
To enable effecting discussion, the following will be ensured:
- Additional reading materials will be shared ahead of the discussion and handouts will be developed for the session highlighting key aspects of the debate on international cybersecurity norms
- Organizers will moderate an online discussion through blog posts and social media in the weeks leading to the event to gather input and questions that spark particular interest
- PowerPoint summarizing key points of the panel’s intervention will be projected to facilitate conversations with members of the audience whose native language is not English
- The moderator selected will be an expert not only in the topic, but well versed in leading multi-stakeholder discussions and will actively encourage participation from the audience. He will work closely with the online moderator to ensure those audiences are equally brought into the debate.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: No
Link to Report: 

Additional Reference Document Link: http://www.esteri.it/mae/resource/doc/2017/04/declaration_on_cyberspace.pdf


-        The session will begin with an introduction and background on the topic by the moderator (Duncan Hollis). Mr. Hollis will frame the discussion and discuss the format of the roundtable. (5 min)

-        Next 3 speakers will provide brief introductory remarks intended to provide context on the topic in order to frame the roundtable discussion (15 minutes)

o   Paul Nicholas (5 minutes)

o   Ben Hiller (5 minutes)

o   Konstantinos Komaitis (5 minutes)

-        Following the opening remarks, the moderator will facilitate the roundtable conversation with the speakers and resource personnel touching on the following topics (65 minutes)

o   The progress on cybersecurity norms discussions to date

o   The Digital Geneva Convention proposal and the forms it could take

o   Potential challenges in development and implementation

o   Lessons learned from non-ICT fields, drawing upon other processes and experiences of other Geneva based organizations

-        The moderator will have 10 minutes to sum-up discussion and close session.



Session Organizers

Jessica Zucker

Cybersecurity Strategist, Microsoft

Tuesday December 19, 2017 10:40 - 12:10 CET
Room XXI - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)