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Wednesday, December 20 • 11:50 - 13:20
Open Source: Defending Freedoms in the Digital Future (WS8)

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Proposer's Name: Mr. Satish Babu
Proposer's Organization: ISOC-TRV
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Judith Okite
Co-Proposer's Organization: FOSS Foundation for Africa
Mr.Satish, Babu, Civil Society, ISOC Trivandrum Chapter, India
Ms.Judith, Okite, Civil Society, FOSSFA, Kenya
Ms.Mishi, Choudhary, Civil Society, SFLC New York, USA

Session Format: Break-out Group Discussions - 90 Min

Location: Room XXII E

Country: India
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Country: Kenya
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Mishi Choudhary
Speaker: Glenn McKnight
Speaker: Sarah Kiden
Speaker: Olivier Crepin-Leblond
Speaker: Panayotis Antoniadis
Speaker: Oktavia Hrund
Speaker: Nicolás Echániz

Content of the Session:

In the last two decades, the Internet--and digital technologies in general--were perceived to be the "great liberator" that would protect individual rights, preserve democracy, promote free speech, empower communities/ persons with disabilities, and enable innovation. Certainly, a great deal of success have been achieved in these areas, and there is still significant promise for the future.

At the same time, there are several emerging threats to Digital Future of the world including, but not limited to including Fake News, post-Truth politics, surveillance & censorship, data & identify theft, and online hate & abuse threaten the very premises that were perceived as the unique to the Internet. Our freedoms and rights are challenged by these threats, raising questions on the integrity of the Internet.

Free and Open Source Software offers a powerful set of responses to address these issues and to defend the Digital Future, particularly from the perspective of communities. These can be examined under the following broad heads:

- Technology & tools for secure, anonymous use of the Internet
- Possible Safeguards that address the processes of content generation, validation and distribution
- Enabling Policy Frameworks  

The session, organized as a Breakout Group Discussion, will address these three challenges and the role of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) in addressing them.

The session will take stock of the existing and emerging tools, technologies, platforms and methodologies that can protect end-users and user communities from developments that undermine the credibility and trust that users repose on the Internet.

Relevance of the Session:
A significant challenge that the Internet faces today--particularly of relevance to the IGF Theme of "Shape Your Digital Future"--is that the public trust in the Internet is being undermined by a number of new developments. Unless there are co-ordinated, comprehensive responses from civil society, it is possible that the credibility of the Internet will diminsh, thus threatening our common digital future. In turn, this may cause over-responses from other actors, such as national Governments to further limit access, monitor & restrict Internet use.

This session will discuss following aspects in three breakout groups:

1. Tools and Technologies provided by FOSS that help in different ways such as safe & secure use of the Internet including operating systems, access tools, anonymizers, productivity tools, and content management systems, to emerging developments and the Blockchain for decentralized, peer-to-peer, un-tamperable record-keeping. Developments such as IoT and Algorithms & Machine Learning that have negative and positive sides will also be discussed.   

2. Methodologies, processes and best practices in dealing with the processes of content generation, validation and distribution, that can address the challenges of providing authenticated content in appropriate forms and languages in multiple delivery modes (desktop, mobile, audio etc) including decentralized, democratized knowledge creation and dissemination.

3. Policy initiatives that support and enable communities to use the Internet safely, securely and reliably, upholding rights and freedoms, and considering aspects such as access, equitable digital opportunities, language issues, risk reduction and child safety.  

The interventions by speakers are planned on the following lines:

1. Welcome,introduction, Session Objectives and Format: 5 min

2. Initial presentation of Issues: The moderator will provide the overall context of the session, particularly the Challenges faced (10 min)

3. Overview of the Breakout Group Discussions: The Co-Moderator will provide an Overview of the Breakout Group discussions (including remote participation)

4. Breakout Group Discussions: Participants will divide themselves into 3 groups, taking up discussions on the above themes.  (35 minutes)

Discussions will be led by the speakers identified a-priori, who will also present the group reports in the following session.

5. Group Presentations, Discussions and Summing Up (30 min)
The Group Leaders will present the report of the discussions in the group.

Diversity considerations for the session would be fully met. The current list of organizers and speakers are significantly diverse from gender and geographic considerations. Since the prime target of the session is Civil Society, particularly communities in developed regions as well as emerging economies, there is a definite emphasis on civil society and technical community participation. However, the organizers are confirming participation from Academia, Business and Government as this is a topic that enhances Multi-stakeholder cooperation.

Online Moderator: Ms. Maureen Hilyard
Rapporteur: Mr. Satish Babu

Online Participation:
Our Remote Moderator is Ms. Maureen Hilyard, a veteran IGF participant and a former MAG Member. Ms. Okite is an avid promoter of not only online participation but accessible online participation tools.
with this background we are certain that the online presenters/participants will be given priority and made to feel like they are in-person at the workshop.
The online moderator will ensure that:

(a) Remote participation is open during the initial presentations as well as during the group report presentations/discussions, and any comments or questions from the remote participants are raised during the presentations

(b) During the Breakout Session, remote participants are connected to one of the three/four breakout groups, and that there is two-way sharing with remote participants and get feedback .

In addition to Remote Participation using the host-provided tools, we would also be using Twitter as a live medium to solicit questions, comments or suggestions.

Discussion facilitation:
The Breakout Group Discussion format has been chosen specifically to encourage participant interaction. This will be away from the norm Q & A sessions, but encourage knowledge sharing and further network ,that would birth future projects under the same topic.

The overall objective of the session organizers is to striving for a balance between Speakers, Local Participants and Remote Participants.

This will be communicated in all invitations to the workshop through various networks and also during the Welcome as part of the format of the session, so that everyone is aware of the fairness aspect of division of time.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: https://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/igf-2016-day-2-room-7-w...

Additional Speakers: 

1. Ms. Sarah Kiden, Academia,
skiden@gmail.com; +256 782467074
Lecturer, Virtual University of Uganda.

2. Mr. Mwendwa Kivuva , Technical ,  AFRINIC, Kenya
Contact: lordmwesh@gmail.com

3. Mr. Ojedeji, Seun , Technical/Academia (Remote Speaker)
contact : seun.odejedi@gmail.com
Chief Network Engineer, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria


1. Welcome, Introduction, Session Objectives and Format (Mr. Satish Babu, 5 min)

2. Initial presentation of Issues (Ms. Mishi Choudhary, 10 min)

3. Overview of the Breakout Group Discussions (Ms. Judy Okite, 5 min)

4. Breakout Group Discussions in Three Groups  (35 minutes)
Group Leaders: Glenn McKnight, Sarah Kiden, Olivier Crepin-Leblond

5. Group Presentations and Discussions (Group Leaders: 15 min + 15 min discussions)

6. Closing comments (Judy Okite, 5 min)



Session Organizers
avatar for Satish Babu

Satish Babu

Volunteer with ICANN At-Large, Internet Society, and IEEE. Founder-Chair, ISOC-TRV, India. Early Internet user and advocate. Profile available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satish_Babu

Wednesday December 20, 2017 11:50 - 13:20 CET
Room XXII - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)