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Multistakeholder Cooperation & Governance [clear filter]
Monday, December 18

09:00 CET

Data governance and policy: Developing a curriculum (WS186)

Proposer's Name: Ms. Roxana Radu
Proposer's Organization: Geneva Internet Platform
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Tereza Horejsova
Co-Proposer's Organization: Geneva Internet Platform
Mr,Francois,GREY,Academia,University of Geneva

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: Switzerland
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Country: Switzerland
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society


Alberto Pace, Head of Storage at CERN
Sophie Huber,
Director of the Center for continuing and distance education, UNIGE

Phillippa Biggs, Coordinator, Broadband Commission for Digital Development, ITU

Pierre Mirlesse, Vice president for Hewlett Packard Enterprise’s Public Sector business in the EMEA region
Heather Leson,
Data Literacy Lead, Policy, Strategy and Knowledge, IFRC

Moderator: Katharina Hoene,
Research Associate Diplomacy and Global Governance, DiploFoundation

Online moderator: Roxana Radu, Programme Manager, Geneva Internet Platform and DiploFoundation

Content of the Session:
Data is at the core of modern society, from our digital footprint via e-mail and social media, through to big data analytics. Artificial intelligence further increases the power and relevance of data. Cross-border data flows are challenged by policy decisions, in a similar way as the movement of goods, services, and people across borders. Data appears in two major realms. First, data is a tool used to develop better policies on health, trade, migration, and climate, to name just few relevant areas. Second, data is a topic of diplomatic negotiations addressing privacy, security, digital trade, and other important issues.

Data governance and policy requires new skills and techniques. The demand for data policy experts is not being met by supply. While there are training and academic courses for data scientists, there are no courses for data policy specialists.

The workshop will discuss a curriculum that should be used for capacity development, training, and academic activities to improve policy-making. It will build, among others, on DiploFoundation’s experience in Internet governance capacity development and studies on digital capacity development. More specifically, the workshop will be a follow-up to discussions conducted in Geneva during 2017, including a workshop held during WSIS Forum 2017.

The session will focus on policy, legal, human rights, and economic skills and knowledge. The outputs from the discussion will form the basis for a Report on Curriculum for Data Governance and Policy which will be finalised in 2018. This curriculum will offer practical support for addressing the needs of specialists worldwide in the highly relevant field of data governance and policy. 

Relevance of the Session:
The session will deal primarily with data, a term that is tackled from several Internet governance angles, including privacy, security, infrastructure, and content policy - to name but a few.

With regards to the main theme, given that data is at the core of modern society and its digital future, dealing with data from different standpoints is crucial to ensure that it is used meaningfully as a tool, and addressed adequately in negotiations on the subject. Capacity development is an important starting point to dealing with data.

Tag 1: Data
Tag 2: Capacity Building
Tag 3: International Geneva

The session will tap into the expertise of the speakers, to tackle data from the technology, economic, and policy perspectives. The speakers will provide viewpoints to open the discussion (5-minute interventions), followed by a moderated discussion with participants. 

The session will aim to bring in a diversity of voices and viewpoints. In addition to the confirmed speakers listed above, the organisers will invite other speakers that will bring more diversity to the session (in terms of stakeholder group, region, gender). These include representatives from the African Union, the Swiss National Science Foundation, and academic institutions from different regions.

While the speakers will ensure a diversity of views at the start of the session, for the rest of the session, the moderator will make sure to engage as many participants as possible, thus ensuring that multiple policy perspectives (legal, human rights, economic, etc.) are shared during the discussions.

Onsite Moderator: Katharina Hoene
Online Moderator: Roxana Radu
Rapporteur: Barbara Rosen Jacobson

Online Participation:
Online participation will include monitoring and input of social media feeds by the online moderator. True participation will be ensured for online discussion participants through equal opportunity to intervene using strategies for instant communication between the panel moderator and online participant moderators, to overcome the frequent lag in online input, which can cause online input to be out of sync (too late) with the discussion. Online participants will speak to the room when possible, with a backup for text input with online moderator representation to the room when necessary and appropriate. Online participant input will be respected, i.e., it will not be summarised or edited by the online moderator, but presented on equal footing to onsite participation. Online participants will follow the same rules for timing and rotation of input.

Moderators for online participation are trained for this task, and well-versed in the topic.

Discussion facilitation:
The session will start with a 5-minute intervention from the speakers, followed by a moderated discussion with the participants (onsite and online). They will interact with the speakers on the subject and share their views, experiences, and suggestions.

Mics will be rotated among stakeholder queues to ensure equal opportunity for different stakeholder groups, as well as online and onsite participants.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/igf-2016-day-4-room-7-ws-149-finding-ways-to-build-confidence-in-stakeholder-legitimacy


The workshop will start with 5-min introductory remarks from the speakers on building a data governance curriculum. An experienced moderator will then open the floor for an interactive discussion with participants in situ and online. The workshop will enlist the key elements of a future data curriculum.

Session Organizers

Monday December 18, 2017 09:00 - 10:30 CET
Room XI - A United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

10:40 CET

Shaping a greener digital environment for all (WS17)

Proposer's Name: Ms. Emily Taylor
Proposer's Organization: Oxford Information Labs Limited
Co-Proposer's Name: Mr. Giovanni Seppia
Co-Proposer's Organization: EURid 
Mr Giovanni Seppia, Technical Community, EURid
Ms Emily Taylor, Private sector, Oxford Information Labs Ltd

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: United Kingdom
Stakeholder Group: Private Sector

Country: Belgium
Stakeholder Group: Technical Community

Speaker: Mohamad Amin Hasbini
Speaker: Sarah Roberts
Speaker: Sabrina Abualhaiga
Speaker: Giovanni Seppia
Speaker: Jacob Malthouse
Speaker: Emily Taylor

Content of the Session:
The session will take a wide-ranging view of the environmental impact of internet technologies, and what steps need to be taken by all stakeholders to shape a greener digital future for all.

The overall theme of the roundtable is twofold: internet technologies are having an adverse environmental impact; at the same time internet technologies can reduce the impact of climate change in other contexts by increasing efficiency and reducing waste. The session will be forward looking, considering risks of emerging technologies for future generations. It will also highlight examples of good practice by industry players which could be used as a model by others.

Framed as a moderated round-table discussion, which will bring together diverse stakeholders with a broad spectrum of expertise, the 90 minute session will focus on answering the following questions:

• What is the environmental impact of current and future technologies, hardware, software, cloud services and internet of things, and to what extent are consumers aware of it?
• How are businesses and governments reducing the carbon footprint of their current and future digital installations?
• What are the environmental risks if insufficient action is taken?
• What actions need to be taken by different stakeholders to ensure that we have an environmentally sustainable digital future, and what factors are preventing sufficient action being taken?

The emphasis will be on future, practical actions and policy measures that can be applied by all stakeholders to shape a green future digital environment for all.

Relevance of the Session:
Climate change is one of the most urgent challenges facing humanity and collective action is required to shape a more environmentally sustainable digital future. The sustainable development goals recognise the challenge of climate change - relevant to this roundtable are SDG 12 (responsible consumption and production), 13 (climate action) 15 (life on land).

Internet technologies may seem like 'clean' industries, yet the carbon emissions from technology are estimated to outstrip those of the airline industry.

Data centres, cloud services, increased uptake and reliance on digital technologies all create a significant environmental impact such as power and water consumption. At the level of individual Internet users, it is estimated that a user reading the first two words of a web page in a browser generates 20 milligrams of CO2; and 2 Google searches generate the same CO2 as boiling a kettle.

While much remains to be done to reduce such impact, there are signs of progress and good practices which this roundtable will highlight.

Public awareness of the environmental impact of the Internet is low. The metaphors we use to describe internet technologies, 'virtual' 'cloud', incorrectly imply that these services have no physicality. The market drives consumers to upgrade their devices at regular intervals, creating mountains of techno-garbage which are often shipped from the Global North to the Global South for reprocessing. Increased miniturization means that it is more challenging to repurpose or recycle such devices, exposing workers in the Global South to dangerous, toxic conditions. This is relevant to the Internet Governance Forum because the environmental impact of digital devices is significant, yet is rarely considered within the IGF. All stakeholders have a role in overcoming these challenges.

The emerging Internet Governance issue of Internet of Things (IoT) needs to be considered through the lens of its environmental impact. Smart cities, industrial and agricultural applications of IoT can help to combat climate change, for example by increasing efficiency, reducing water and energy consumption, improving road traffic flows to reduce emissions. The economic benefits of having 20 billion connected devices by 2020 should be assessed against their possible, adverse effects on climate and nature.

Tag 1: Environmental Impact of ICTs
Tag 2: Climate Change
Tag 3: Internet & ICTs for the Sustainable Development Goals

Question 1: What is the environmental impact of current and future technologies, hardware, software, cloud services and internet of things, and to what extent are people aware of it?

This will be addressed primarily by participants from the academic community. A speaker from Chatham House / World Economic Forum (TBC), specialising in climate change will set the scene on the pace of climate change, the environmental footprint of digital industries, and how digitisation is helping reduce consumption in other areas.

Dr Sarah T Roberts of UCLA (confirmed) will address the environmental impact of the techno-trash of devices, and the impact on the Global South.

A speaker from the European Commission (TBC), government (LAC or AP region, TBC), or IGO will address relevant regulatory frameworks aimed at reducing the environmental impact of internet technologies, and using internet technologies to reduce climate change. All participants will be encouraged to engage with the question.

Question 2: How are businesses, governments and civil society reducing the carbon footprint of their current and future digital installations?

Giovanni Seppia of EURid (co-organiser, confirmed) will describe how EURid has reduced its carbon footprint since 2011 through the adoption of the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). Jacob Malthouse from the .eco domain name registry (confirmed) will provide evidence of its environmentally friendly approach as an internet registry.

A speaker from one of the major Internet technology multinationals (TBC) will describe their efforts to reduce the environmental impact of data centres and defend their record on the recyclability of mobile devices.

Mohamad Amin Hasbini of Kaspersky Labs and a director of Smartcities.org, will describe how Dubai Smart City (a government led project) aims to use IoT deployments to reduce environmental impact of technology and the rapidly expanding city of Dubai.

A civil society representative (TBC) will describe environmentally conscious internet access projects (eg Amazonian rainforest or India). All participants will be encouraged to engage with the question.

Question 3: What are the environmental risks if insufficient action is taken?
This section of the discussion will be led by Sabrina Abualhaiga, Youth IGF Ambassador (confirmed), who will describe the risks for future generations of failing to reduce the environmental impact of internet technologies. Other participants, both planned speakers and audience members will be encouraged to develop ideas on the likely environmental impact of failure to take collect action.

Question 4: What actions need to be taken by different stakeholders to ensure that we have an environmentally sustainable digital future, and what factors are preventing sufficient action being taken?

All speakers and participants will discuss this final question, and ideally point to concrete steps that each stakeholder group is taking or will commit to taking to shape a greener future digital environment for all.

The co-organisers have a strong track record in assembling IGF participants with diversity in gender, geography, stakeholder group, disability and viewpoint, and will adopt a similar approach to gathering participants for this roundtable.

Our confirmed participants include three women and three men. We aim for at least 50/50 gender balance.

We have confirmed participants from the United States, United Arab Emirates, France, Italy, United Kingdom and Belgium. We are actively approaching participants from Latin America, Asia Pacific and Africa to join the roundtable discussion.

Onsite Moderator: Emily Taylor
Online Moderator: Sebastien Pensis, EURid
Rapporteur: Emily Taylor

Online Participation:
The remote moderator will monitor and stimulate discussions in the virtual meeting space. The moderator will regularly report on activity within the virtual meeting room, and will interact with remote participants throughout the session.

The session moderator will call on the remote moderator to feed in comments and chat conversations from the virtual meeting space at several points during the roundtable discussions.

The remote moderator will also liaise with remote participants who wish to make audio interventions during the roundtable session.

The co-organisers have extensive experience of blending remote participation (even remote speakers) into a live session and encouraging par


Session Organizers
avatar for Emily Taylor

Emily Taylor

Director, Oxford Information Labs
Emily Taylor is an Associate Fellow of Chatham House and is Editor of the Journal of Cyber Policy.  She is a director of Oxford Information Labs. Emily’s research publications include The Internet in the Gulf (Chatham House); “ICANN: Bridging the Trust Gap” and “Privatisation... Read More →

Monday December 18, 2017 10:40 - 12:10 CET
Room XI - A United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

12:20 CET

'Digital Switzerland' Strategy – Creating networked transformation (OF82)

The transformation process caused by increasing digitalization affects society, the economy and the state. Close cross-sectoral, interdisciplinary and networked collaboration is crucial for seizing the opportunities of digital transformation. Switzerland is in a strong position in this respect, thanks in particular to its multicultural nature, willingness to engage in dialogue and create a consensus, in addition to its pragmatic direct-democratic processes. In 2016, the Swiss Goverment formulated the 'Digital Switzerland' Strategy providing guidelines for government action and indicating where and how authorities, academia, the private sector, civil society and politics must work together in order to shape the transformation process for the benefit of everyone. To this end, the Government has launched a Dialogue on 'Digital Switzerland' where it assumes a moderator role. The highlight of the process is a national conference. Together with interested external stakeholders, the Government investigates what new measures are required for the further development of the strategy. Education, innovation, public services, sustainability, digital labor, cybersecurity and data policy were among the topics discussed at the first conference, which took place November 20, 2017.

We will present the governmental strategy and share highlights from the first conference. This will be coupled with a presentation of digitalswitzerland, a major cross-industry initative created to strenghen the country's position as a digital hub, as well as GenéveLab, the innovation laboratory of the Canton of Geneva. The Speakers will provide a short overview to open the discussion, followed by a moderated discussion with participants. Attendants are invited to discuss the prospects and challenges of tackling the dynamic transformation process in a coordinated bottom up approach.

Organizer: Federal Office of Communications Switzerland


Mr Philipp Metzger, Director General of OFCOM Switzerland

Mr Edouard Bugion, EPFL and Digital Switzerland

Mr  Alexander Barclay, GenèveLab

Ms Roxana Radu, Chair ISOC-CH and Geneva Internet Plattform


Jacques Beglinger, SwissHoldings




Session Organizers

Lorenzo Garovi

Federal Office of Communications Switzerland

Monday December 18, 2017 12:20 - 13:20 CET
Room XXI - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)
Tuesday, December 19

09:00 CET

Emerging challenges for data protection in Latin American countries (WS113)

Proposer's Name: Mr. Hartmut Glaser
Proposer's Organization: Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br)
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Jamila Venturini
Co-Proposer's Organization: Brazilian Network Information Center (NIC.br)
Co-Organizers: Romina Garrido, female, Chile, Datos Protegidos, civil society

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: Brazil
Stakeholder Group: Technical Community

Country: Brazil
Stakeholder Group: Technical Community

Content of the Session:
The workshop aims at discussing the challenges for the regulation of personal data protection in Latin America and identifying solutions and innovations developed in the different countries in an exercise that can feedback into the ongoing regulatory discussions in the region. Besides dealing with traditional data protection issues such as (i) the concept of personal and anonymous data; (ii) consent and other legal bases for data processing; (iii) international transfer of personal data; (iv) data protection authority, etc., the workshop will discuss – from a regional perspective – emerging topics such as (i) privacy by design; (ii) the right to be forgotten; (iii) algorithm accountability; and (iii) the complexity inherent to data flows exchange between private and public entities in processing personal data. Such an approach is suggested as a way of shifting the focus of the debates on the topic from the perspective of the Western European countries and the United States to a Latin American one, in an attempt to broaden the discussion and include the particular challenges of developing countries and young democracies, in a moment in which data protection has become centerpiece of the policy agenda. The general outline of the session includes a high level presentation of the regional situation regarding data protection and will be followed by two rounds of short interventions from invited commentators that will delve into particular realities and concrete cases from selected countries. The floor will be opened for the interventions of interested participants from the audience, who will help understanding the regional context and pointing to best practices and ways forward to advance the regulatory efforts on data protection.

Relevance of the Session:
In the past years, data protection has increasingly become a central Internet governance issue. Despite being in the agenda of several IGFs, the subject has gained more relevance and nuances that go from privacy and security issues to freedom of expression and information ones. The advance of new technologies that allow the processing of greater amounts of personal data and the emergence of the so-called Internet of Things (sometimes associated to initiatives on “smart cities”) have at the same time increased the power and information asymmetry between companies and users (and sometimes even between companies and States) and the challenges for data protection regulation.

The Latin American context regarding data protection is diverse: according to the DLA Piper’s Data Protection Laws of the World Handbook, most countries in the region have a moderate level of protection. That is the case, for instance, of Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay. Brazil, Honduras and Venezuela, on the other hand, are classified as having a limited protection, while Argentina is the only country classified as having a robust level of protection in the region.

Despite the relevance of the topic for Latin American countries, international debates on data protection, especially in the regulatory field, have had a strong focus on the tensions between the policy orientations of European countries and the United States. The innovation of this workshop will be to gather key actors in a multistakeholder perspective to discuss the challenges of data protection from a regional point of view, trying to identify its particularities, as well as solutions and best practices that emerge in specific contexts. The discussion is timely considering that several countries in the region are discussing either the adoption of comprehensive personal data protection laws (e.g. Brazil, Ecuador, etc.) or the modernization of their existing frameworks (e.g. Argentina, Chile, Mexico, etc.). In this sense, it can at the same time receive inputs and contribute to local debates on the subject. The session was also designed to have a pedagogical character by providing clarification to local stakeholders on the role and limits of data protection and to advance in identifying and preventing setbacks in freedom of expression and access to information – a common fear in a region that has historically been marked by several authoritarian regimes.

Any serious discussion about “our digital future” should take into account the role of big data and the impacts of the processing of immense amounts of personal information collected by private and state agents. Considering that a great part of the “next billion” users to be connected to the Internet are located in the developing world (especially Africa and Latin America), it is crucial to reframe the discussions on data protection to assure that the future of the new “digital citizens” includes safeguards and the respect for their human rights.

Tag 1: Data protection
Tag 2: Human Rights
Tag 3: Internet Economy

The proposed format will allow the interaction of several invited experts that represent distinct countries, sectors and visions towards the challenges and opportunities for data protection in Latin America. There will be two moderators that will make a quick introduction of the session and who will be followed by a keynote from a representative from an intergovernmental organization. A first round of interventions will be introduced by the moderators with an orienting question about the situation of data protection in selected countries of the region (Argentina, Brazil and Mexico). After this first round of quick presentations, the members of the roundtable that did not present comments will answer moderator’s questions on specific cases from their countries (Chile, Colombia and Peru). Finally, the floor will be opened for the interventions and questions of the participants in the audience, who will be able to bring their concerns and cases and interact with all panelists that then will give their final considerations. Bellow is a preliminary list of proposed moderators and participants indicating the ones that are still to be confirmed.

Carolina Aguerre, female, Argentina, University of San Andres, academia
Luiz Fernando Castro, male, Brazil, CGI.br, government

Introduction (keynote):
Danilo Doneda, male, Brazil, UERJ, academia

First round:
Alejandro Pisanty, male, Mexico, ISOC, technical community
Marcel Leonardi, male, Brazil, Google Brazil, private sector
Romina Garrido, female, Chile, Datos Protegidos, civil society

Second round:
Amalia Toledo, female, Colombia, Fundación Karisma, civil society
Martin Borgiolli, male, Peru, Hiperderecho, civil society

Instead of long interventions from few speakers, the workshop will be organized in three “rounds” and the time of the interventions by each panelist is planned to be as short as possible (5’ each and 10’ to the representative of the intergovernmental organization). This format will assure broad participation of representatives from several countries in the region in order to identify the current situation of Latin America with regards to data protection and the main concerns each country presents. And still reserve enough time for the audience and online participants to intervene. Each moderator will guide one “round” of the discussion, to add more dynamics to the conversations. 

The diversity of the workshop is assured from the selection of moderators: two moderators, from both genders, different countries and different stakeholder groups. The first round of interventions will have representatives from different countries and stakeholder groups presenting their views on the situation of data protection in their countries. Although they bring a specific perspective about each country’s process, the overall diversity of policy views on data protection represented by the different participants in the general discussion will provide balance to the eventual narrow scope of those presentations. The second round of interventions, despite bringing only representatives from civil society, includes gender and country diversity. Its goal is to bring cases and examples from other countries in very short interventions. The speakers of this round were selected due to the specific work they have been doing in the field (e.g. research about the observation of data protection rules by private companies, litigation on specific cases related to data protection, etc.). The keynote from a high level representative from an intergovernmental organization active in Latin America is expected to take into account the diversity of the region. 

Onsite Moderator: Carolina Aguerre and Luiz Fernando Castro
Online Moderator: Diego Canabarro
Rapporteur: Jamila Venturini and


Session Organizers
avatar for Nathalia Sautchuk Patricio

Nathalia Sautchuk Patricio

Technical Advisor, NIC.br
I'm a computer engineer. I am a Technical Advisor to CGI.br and professor in some universities. My interests are: network neutrality, Education and ICT, Social and Digital Inclusion.
avatar for Vinicius W. O. Santos

Vinicius W. O. Santos

Expert advisor, NIC.br / CGI.br
Expert advisor to the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br)
avatar for Jamila Venturini

Jamila Venturini

Regional Coordinator, Derechos Digitales
Periodista, desde 2007 trabaja en la intersección entre tecnologías y derechos humanos. Entre 2014 y 2017 fue parte del Centro de Tecnología y Sociedad de la FGV Direito Rio (CTS/FGV), donde lideró proyectos relacionados con gobernanza de internet, vigilancia y privacidad. Fue... Read More →

Tuesday December 19, 2017 09:00 - 10:30 CET
Room XXV - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

09:00 CET

Multistakeholder governance of the Domain Name System, lessons learned for other IG issues (WS76)

Proposer's Name: Mr. Nigel Hickson
Proposer's Organization: ICANN
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Dierdre Sidjanski
Co-Proposer's Organization: ICANN
Moderator: Markus Kummer

Country: Switzerland
Stakeholder Group: Technical Community

Country: Switzerland
Stakeholder Group: Technical Community

Speaker: Larry Strickling
Speaker: Keith Drazek
Speaker: Lori Schulman
Speaker: Matthew Shears 
Speaker: Arda Gerkens
Speaker: Grace Mutung'u
Speaker: Jordan Carter
Speaker: Farzaneh Badii
Speaker: Mark Carvell
Speaker: Markus Kummer
Speaker: Lilian Deluque Bruges

Content of the Session:
Key elements of the Domain Name System (DNS) are governed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). ICANN is a not for profit multistakeholder organization based in the US but with a global presence. Unlike in intergovernmental organizations, policy making is not dominated by any one group, but rather through equal engagement with business, the technical community, civil society, end users and governments. Anyone at ICANN has a voice and can contribute expertise to the search for policy solutions.  The governance structure of ICANN and its policy development processes are procedurally complex and demanding but have yielded sustainable solutions with broad buy-in from all actors.  The IANA Transition, where certain key responsibilities for the technical governance of the DNS were transitioned from the US authorities to the broad Internet Community is perhaps the best example of a complex policy negotiation – with a concrete result – being managed by a group of different stakeholders.

The multistakeholder Roundtable, while reflecting on the effectiveness of the multi-stakeholder process for the DNS at ICANN (and there are problems as well as achievements) will assess how it could be used for other IG issues which pose challenges for policy makers. The way we govern the Internet in the future will surely be a contributory factor in shaping our digital future.

A key Internet Governance questions addressed, through these Roundtable discussions is how bodies – especially those that are inter-governmental in nature, can adapt to benefit from the plurality of multi-stakeholder voices.

Relevance of the Session:
As the Internet issues faced by the international community proliferate, the governance of them becomes of increasing importance. National and Regional solutions are increasingly being found inadequate to deal with the global complexity of the digital transformation we are witnessing.

Tag 1: Multistakeholderism
Tag 2: ICANN
Tag 3: Digital Transformation

The Session will be organised in the form of a Roundtable with the discussants answering (arranged) questions from the moderator and then also the audience (both physically present and also on-line). 

The Discussants are drawn from different sectors, from different geographical areas and gender. They also include those experienced at the IGF and those for whom this IGF will be their first.

Onsite Moderator: Markus Kummer 
Online Moderator: Dierdre Sidjanski
Rapporteur: Nigel Hickson 

Online Participation:
In addition to taking questions, through the moderator, of those taking part remotely, we will in advance have at least one discussant taking part virtually and will also, in advance of the session, pose specific question on appropriate social media. 

Discussion facilitation:
In the spirit of an interactive roundtable the Moderator will ensure that all the discussants are involved in the conversation (they are not giving up their time for no purpose) and contribute to the overall theme. There will be no opening statements or introductions. He will go straight to questions.

He will also involve the audience for questions (not statements) and the on-line audience. He will group questions together and not simply ask each discussant in turn to answer, but ensure that the relevant discussant speaks.

Before the end of session, he will pose final questions to discussants , allowing them a brief time for reflection.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: https://www.intgovforum.org/cms/igf2016/index.php/proposal/view_public/6


  1. Introduction of session (moderator)
  2. Brief explanation of how the Domain Name System is governed in a multistakeholder manner
  3. Perspective from stakeholders around the table
  4. Could this model be used for other Internet Governance issues and topics?
  5. Discussion with Panelists and Audience
  6. Conclusion


Session Organizers

Nigel Hickson

VP; IGO Engagement, ICANN
ICANN or cricket

Tuesday December 19, 2017 09:00 - 10:30 CET
Room XXI - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

11:50 CET

CyberBRICS: Building the Next Generation Internet, STEP by Step (WS261)

Proposer's Name: Dr. Luca Belli
Proposer's Organization: Center for Technology & Society at FGV


  • Luca Belli, Academia, Center for Technology & Society at FGV
  • Alison Gillwald, civil society, Research ICT Africa
  • CyberBRICS Project, Multistakeholder

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: Brazil
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society


  • Ms Alison Gillwald, civil society, Research ICT Africa, South Africa
  • Mr Benedicto Fonseca Filho, government, Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Brazil
  • Ms Elonnai Hickok, civil society, Center for Internet and Society India, India
  • Mr Luca Belli, academia, Center for Technology and Society at Fundação Getulio Vargas, Brazil
  • Mr Fang Xingdong, CEO of ChinaLabs, China and Dr Bu Zhong, Penn. State University
  • Mr Rashid Ismailov, government, Ministry of Telecommunications of Russia, Russia
  • Ms Tatiana Indina, private sector, Silicon Valley Innovation Center, and Russia Center for New Media and Society, Russia


Content of the Session:
BRICS countries (i.e. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) are experiencing unprecedented change due to large-scale deployment of Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) and are intensifying efforts to become key players for the development of the future Internet. Increasingly recognized as a major scientific and economic bloc, BRICS seem determined not only to embrace ICTs but also to strengthen cooperation in order to shape the global technology field, as highlighted by the recent approval of a BRICS Science & Technology Enterprise Partnership (STEP).
The establishment of STEP shows that BRICS are not only promoting a new wave of technological development but also intensifying synergy regarding digital policies in order to drive the fourth industrial revolution, developing effective solutions for shared problems while transforming the economic, social and legal landscape.
The growth, direction and societal impacts of the next generation Internet will be much faster in the BRICS areas, where the majority of next generation Internet users will concentrate. As stressed by the Cisco Visual Networking Index: Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update 2016–2021, smartphone use, which will account for 48% of all Internet traffic by 2021, is increasingly driven by BRICS users. This observation tellingly exemplifies that future technology and ‘game changers’ are likely to be in large part be shaped by BRICS users, while future Internet policies are likely to be driven by such innovations, with effects worldwide.
Considering the existing technological and regulatory environments and the current policy trends, the panellists will identify what are the emerging issues, policy priorities and policy-discussion fora that are likely to shape or are already shaping the governance of the next generation Internet. Moreover, the panellist will analyse how cooperation in digital policy might be enhanced amongst BRICS.

Relevance of the Session:
BRICS are intensifying efforts to become key players for the development of the future Internet and innovation and policy put forward by BRICS countries is likely to have repercussions on a global scale. The identification of emerging policy priorities, cooperation mechanisms and technology game changers emerging from the BRICS area seem therefore essential to have a clear understanding of the trends that will shape and are already shaping the Internet governance ecosystem. 

Tag 1: BRICS
Tag 2: Emerging Issues
Tag 3: Enhanced cooperation

Alison Gillwald will share the results of Research ICT Africa’ survey on user perceptions of ‘trust’ issues, cybersecurity, censorship, surveillance and privacy awareness in South Africa and will identify policy priorities

Benedicto Fonseca Filho will analyse the international policy and cooperation strategy of the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with a focus on both intergovernmental and multistakeholder initiatives involving the BRICS, such as the STEP partnership

Elonnai Hickok will analyse the causes that led to the current thriving startup ecosystem in India, while focusing on the challenges that Indian internet users are facing and putting forward suggestion to cope with such challenges

Luca Belli will present the upcoming CyberBRICS project, aimed at the establishment of a policy and research network dedicated to digital policy, Internet governace and technological evolutions in the BRICS area.

Luigi Gambardella, President of ChinaEU a business-led International Association, will analyse the intensifying business cooperation and mutual investments in Internet, Telecom and Hi-tech between China and Europe. 


Rashid Ismailov, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Telecommunications of Russia, will provide an overview of the cyberpolicy priorities of Russia

Tatiana Indina, will analyse the current challenges and opportunities for startups in Russia, with particular regard to data localisation


The panel is gender-balanced and includes speakers from all geographical zones and all stakeholder groups

Onsite Moderator: Luca Belli
Online Moderator: Luã Fergus
Rapporteur: Ilona Stadnik 

Online Participation:
The remote moderator will encourage remote participation through various social networking platforms in addition to the platform provided by the IGFSecretariat

Discussion facilitation:
The first part of the workshop (around 50 minutes) will be dedicated to an interactive roundtable during which the panellists will be asked to provide concise answers (i.e. less than 3-minute-long) to the questions asked by the moderator. Furthermore, panellists will have the possibility to reply to their peers' statements.

Subsequently, the panellists will engage in an open and interactive debate, during which the audience will play a key role asking questions, providing inputs and steering the discussion.

The attendees and the remote participants will be allowed to ask questions during the workshop, but their participation and inputs will be particularly encouraged during the second part of the session.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/index.php?q=filedepot_download/4098/263


The first part of the workshop (around 50 minutes) will be dedicated to an interactive roundtable during which the panellists will be asked to provide concise answers (i.e. less than 3-minute-long) to the questions asked by the moderator. Furthermore, panellists will have the possibility to reply to their peers' statements.

Subsequently, the panellists will engage in an open and interactive debate, during which the audience will play a key role asking questions, providing inputs and steering the discussion.

The attendees and the remote participants will be allowed to ask questions during the workshop, but their participation and inputs will be particularly encouraged during the second part of the session.

Fang Xingdong, CEOof China Labs

Session Organizers
avatar for Luca Belli

Luca Belli

Professor and Head of CyberBRICS.info, FGV Law School
Luca Belli, PhD is Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation at Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School and associated researcher at the Centre de Droit Public Comparé of Paris 2 University. He focuses on the regulation of Internet access, data protection (particularly regarding... Read More →

Tuesday December 19, 2017 11:50 - 13:20 CET
Room XXVII - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

15:00 CET

Digital Transformation of the Lebanese Telecom Sector (OF22)
The Lebanese Government initiated the process of transforming Lebanon into a digital nation. Huge Projects are implemented by OGERO Telecom, starting with enhancing the transport network, implementing Fiber access to the users, upgrading existing submarine cables, enabling IoT services, establishing Startup incubator and Data center. In addition, the Ministry of Telecoms launched the Lebanese IGF initiative and currently is coordinating an overarching ICT strategy for Sustainable Development.
Tag 1: Digital Transformation
Tag 2:IXP 
Tag 3: NRIs
Tag 4: Digital Government
Tag 5: Technology and Innovation
Name(s) of Speaker(s):
Mr Antoine Aoun (on digital transformation)
Ms Salam Yamout (on Lebanon IXP)
Ms Roula Mikhael (on LIGF)
Ms Tanya Zaroubi (on Digital Government)
Mr Nicolas Rouhana (on Financing Technology and Innovation)


1-      Digital Transformation/FTTH – 10 min

The Lebanese Government initiated the process of transforming Lebanon into a digital nation. Huge Projects are implemented by OGERO Telecom, starting with enhancing the transport network, implementing Fiber access to the users, to upgrading existing submarine cables, enabling IoT services, establishing Startup incubator and Data center.

2-      Digital Government- 10 min

a. Digital Government Principles

b. Digital Transformation Enablers

c. Digital Architecture

d. Existing Situation and Future Projects

3-      IXP -  10 min

Lebanon Internet Exchange project

4-      Lebanon IGF initiative- 10 min

Lebanon engagement in the Internet Governance process, formation of the Lebanese MAG and brief on the 1st event held to publicly announce the start of preparations for 2018 LIGF Forum.

5-      Entrepreneurship -10 min

how the Central Bank of Lebanon contributed to the recent leapfrog of the Lebanese entrepreneurship eco-system through the proliferation of VC funds, accelerators, bootcamps, etc.

6-      Open discussion  and Lebanese Sweets.

Name of Online Moderator:Ms Zeina Bou Harb 
Background Paper: Digital Transformation.pdf
Past IGF Participation: No
Report Link:
Name: Ms. Bou Harb Zeina
Organizational Affiliation: OGERO Telecom

Session Organizers
avatar for Zeina BOU HARB


Head of International Cooperation, OGERO Telecom

Tuesday December 19, 2017 15:00 - 16:00 CET
Room XII - A United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

15:00 CET

INTERNET SOCIETY OPEN FORUM - What actions should we take today to shape our digital future? (OF51)
Internet Society (ISOC) Open Forum is dedicated for the IGF participants that shares the common goal of advocating for an open, resilient, trusted Internet, and our own ISOC community comprised of chapters, organizational and individual members. 

Building on our report on the Internet’s future, we can’t take the Internet or its future for granted. There are many challenges and uncertainties – and the direction in which they evolve will have a profound impact on the Internet, users, and society. Ultimately, the future of the Internet will be shaped by decisions we make today, at the IGF and other fora. What are the actions we can take now that will shape it towards the future we expect?

We aim to promote an interactive session with participants to tackle access and trust challenges, with key questions:

As we envision all 7 billion people (and trillions of devices and sensors) connected, what are roles of initiatives on the ground that are making it happen like community networks?

In order to overcome cybersecurity threats through a strong collaborative security approach, what are the steps we can take ahead, such as the African Internet Infrastructure Security Guidelines?
Tag 1: Future Internet
Tag 2: Community Networks
Tag 3: Trust
Name(s) of Speaker(s):
Kathy Brown
Sally Wentworth
Raul Echeberria
Frederick Donck
Constance Bommelaer
Jane Coffin
Maarit Palorvita
Dawit Bekele

Name of Online Moderator: Raquel Gatto
Background Paper:
Past IGF Participation: Yes
Report Link: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/index.php?q=filedepot_download/4115/350
Name: Ms. Raquel Gatto
Organizational Affiliation: Internet Society

Tuesday December 19, 2017 15:00 - 16:00 CET
Room XXI - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

15:00 CET

Data Localization and Barriers to Crossborder Data Flows (WS32)

Proposer's Name: Mr. William Drake
Proposer's Organization: University of Zurich
Co-Proposer's Name: Mr. Richard Samans
Co-Proposer's Organization: World Economic Forum
Ms. Fiona Alexander, government, Government of the United States of America Mr. Vint Cerf, private sector, Google Mr. William J. Drake, civil society, University of Zurich Ms. Anriette Esterhuysen, civil society, Association for Progressive Communication Mr. Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, civil society, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Mr. Richard Samans, private sector, World Economic Forum Mr. Thomas Schneider, government, Government of Switzerland Ms. Hong Xue, civil society, Beijing Normal University Institute for Internet Policy & Law

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: Switzerland
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Country: Switzerland
Stakeholder Group: Private Sector

Speaker: William Drake
Speaker: Richard Samans
Speaker: Alexander Fiona
Speaker: Anriette Esterhuysen
Speaker: Vint Cerf
Speaker: Raul Echeberria
Speaker: Torbjörn Fredriksson
Speaker: Wolfgang Kleinwächter
Speaker: Goran Marby
Speaker: Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz
Speaker: Marietje Schaake
Speaker: Thomas Schneider
Speaker: Lee Tuthill
Speaker: Mary Uduma
Speaker: Hong Xue

Content of the Session:
The past few years have witnessed an increasingly intense debate on the world-wide growth of national data localization restrictions and barriers to Cross-Border Data Flows (CBDF). Data localization proposals and policies typically involved requirements such as: data must be processed by entities physically within a national territory; data processing must include a specific level of “local content,” or the use of locally provided services or equipment; data must be locally stored or “resident” in a national jurisdiction; data processing and/or storage must conform to national rather than internationally accepted technical and operational standards; or data transfers must be routed largely or solely within a national or regional space when possible. Barriers to CBDF may involve: prohibitions on the transfer of personally identifiable information to jurisdictions deemed to have inadequate laws regarding privacy and data protection; censorship and other limitations on information that governments deem to be ‘sensitive;’ or digital trade protectionism. Governments’ motivations for establishing such policies vary and may include goals such as promoting local industry, technology development, employment, and tax revenue; protecting their citizens’ privacy (or in some cases, claiming to); ensuring access to data for the purposes of law enforcement, and more broadly defending their legal jurisdiction over data; or advancing national security or an expansive vision of “cyber-sovereignty.”

The stakes here are high. For example, the McKinsey Global Institute has estimated that data flows enabled economic activity that boosted global GDP by US $2.8 trillion in 2014, and that data flows now have a larger impact on growth than traditional flows of traded goods. The growth of localization measures and barriers to data transfers could reduce these values and significantly impair not only business operations but also economic development and many vital social processes that are predicated upon the movement of data across a relatively open and unfragmented Internet. Accordingly, specific language limiting such policies has been included in a number of “mega-regional” trade agreements, such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA). While the TPP has been rejected by the new US government and the forecast for other agreements is cloudy at best, it is possible that at least some of the policies in question are inconsistent with certain governments’ existing commitments under the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Even so, the extent to which these issues should be addressed via trade instruments remains a highly controversial issue, with many in the global Internet community and civil society remaining very critical of non-transparent intergovernmental approaches to an increasingly important piece of global Internet governance, and many privacy advocates vehemently opposing the potential application of trade rules to personal data.

Accordingly, the purposes of this proposed workshop are four-fold. First, it would bring together senior participants in the international trade and Internet governance communities that to date have not had sufficient opportunities to dialogue on their respective approaches to these and related issues. Second, it would take stock of the growth of data localization measures and barriers to data flows and assess the scope and impacts of such policies. Third, it would consider what can be achieved via international trade instruments given the current geopolitical context. Fourth, and most importantly, it would explore the possibility of constructing a parallel track of multistakeholder dialogue and decisionmaking that is balanced and enjoys the support of diverse actors around the world. In particular, we would consider whether a global community of expertise and practice can be constructed to share information and devise effective normative agreements on the issues. Normative agreements involving sufficient monitoring and reporting could help to ensure that data policies are not applied in a manner that constitutes arbitrary discrimination or disguised digital protectionism, and do not impose restrictions that are greater than what is required to achieve legitimate public policy objectives.

The workshop would build on a report prepared by William J. Drake for the World Economic Forum (WEF) that is to be released in the autumn of 2017. This report will in turn build on a report on Internet Fragmentation by Drake, Vint Cerf, and Wolfgang Kleinwachter that was prepared for the WEF in 2016 www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_FII_Internet_Fragmentation_An_Overview_2016.pdf as well as the outputs of the WEF/ICTSD E15 Initiative on Strengthening the Global Trade and Investment System www.e15initiative.org. The workshop would be the fifth in a series of international meetings held in 2017 to gather inputs on the construction of a multistakholder expert community on the issues. 

Relevance of the Session:
The session would explore the potential relevance of the multistakeholder cooperation models employed in Internet governance processes in addressing a set of issues that largely have been discussed in international trade policy circles. The growth of data localization and CBDF barriers directly affects the openness of the Internet, a key concern in Internet governance. The trends are also directly relevant to whether we can indeed shape our global digital future in a manner that balances national objectives with the transnational data flows central to the Internet's functioning and social utility.

Tag 1: Multistakeholder Cooperation
Tag 2: Internet Governance
Tag 3: 

The onsite moderator will pose a series of questions to the discussants and encourage interactive discussion. These will encompass a) the policies and their impacts; b) the role of trade mechanisms; and c) the prospects for multistakeholder cooperation. The organizer and onsite moderator have both organized dozens of successful Roundtable discussions involving 15 or more participants, including at the IGF, and know how to manage the narrative flow of a conversation. The onsite moderator will get the discussants to respond to each other, ensure that they stay on point, and manage their time effectively. To optimize the time allocation, not all discussants will speak to every question posed; a baseline framework for managing this will be agreed online by the participants in advance.

The Roundtable speakers are roughly 1/3rd from the USA, 1/3rd from Europe, and 1/3rd from the global South. There are 10 men and 6 women. Their stakeholder group breakdown is: 3 governmental, 3 intergovernmental organizations, 3 private sector, 2 technical community, and 5 civil society/research. 11 could be identified as primarily from the Internet governance community, 5 could be identified as primarily from the international trade diplomacy community. They are also diverse in intellectual perspectives and political positions on the issues to be addressed.

Onsite Moderator: Richard Samans
Online Moderator: Adam Peake
Rapporteur: Adam Schlosser

Online Participation:
At the 50 minute mark the discussion will be opened to all participants in the room and online on an equal rotating basis. The very experienced remote moderator will signal remote participants to speak or, if the technology fails, will read their typed interventions. In addition, the rapporteur and another colleague will live tweet the meeting so it can be followed in that manner.

Discussion facilitation:
Prior to the meeting the roundtable discussants will coordinate online to agree a baseline set of topics to be covered


Session Organizers
avatar for William Drake

William Drake

International Fellow & Lecturer, University of Zurich
William J. Drake is an International Fellow and Lecturer in the Institute of Mass Communication and Media Research at the University of Zurich. Previous work experience has included: Senior Associate at the Centre for International Governance at the Graduate Institute for International... Read More →

Tuesday December 19, 2017 15:00 - 16:30 CET
Room XXVI - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

16:10 CET

Fostering Internet Usage in Afghanistan via Regulatory Measures (OF61)
Afghanistan is a developing country in Central Asia with unique characteristics that pose particular challenges for the development of Internet usage. The country has been occupied by international forces throughout its history and remains a conflict zone nowadays. The efforts that the Afghanistan Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (ATRA) is making in promoting the use of Internet in the country range from assuring via regulatory actions that the service providers will have sufficient resources to advance broadband deployment, through the use of Universal Service Access Funds to assure the provision of Internet access in remote areas. A key milestone was the approval of the Open Access Policy in September 2016, which requires several regulatory measures for its full implementation to secure the Internet & ICTs for the Sustainable Development Goals. The experience gained by ATRA in the implementation of the Open Access policy, particularly in the last year with regard to Multistakeholder Cooperation, is what we propose for the Open Forum. We feel that a fruitful discussion could be generated not just by analyzing the present situation and the measures taken, but also a consideration of the future steps in the regulatory arena which will pave the way for increase of Internet accessibility in the country. The experience gained in this area could also be shared with other countries experiencing problems derived from internal conflicts when dealing with the Internet Economy.
Tag 1: Multistakeholder Cooperation
Tag 2:
Tag 3:
Name(s) of Speaker(s):
Mohammad N. Azizi, Ph.D., Chairman, Afghanistan Telecom Regulatory Authority (ATRA)
Omar Mansoor Ansari, President, TechNation
Eng. Naqibullah Sailab, Vice Chairman, Afghanistan Telecom Regulatory Authority (ATRA)
Ata M. Yari, Advisor, Afghanistan Telecom Regulatory Authority (ATRA)

Name of Online Moderator: Mohammad N. Azizi, Ph.D.
Background Paper: background_paper.pdf
Past IGF Participation: No
Report Link:
Name: Mr. Rene Bustillo
Organizational Affiliation: Afghanistan Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (ATRA)

Session Organizers

Tuesday December 19, 2017 16:10 - 17:10 CET
Room XII - A United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)
Wednesday, December 20

09:00 CET

Regional Cooperation for the Advancement of Electronic Government (OF90)
Share, promote and boost regional cooperation as a mechanism to accelerate the digital development of the Latin America and the Caribbean countries taking the example of the "Red GEALC". Likewise to move towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Agenda, with citizen centered e-Government policies and exchange of solutions and experts among the members. 

Tag 1: e-Government
Tag 2: Enhanced cooperation
Tag 3:
Name(s) of Speaker(s):
Moderator: Victor Lagunes, CIO of Mexico/Ms. Yolanda Martínez Mancilla, Digital Government of Mexico 

Potential speakers:
Ana María Rodríguez Ortíz - Inter-American Development Bank
María Fernanda Trigo - OAS 
José Clastornik - AGESIC Uruguay
Eber Betanzos - Ministry of Public Administration of Mexico
Brazil representative
Colombia representative
Peru representative
Chile representative
Barbara Ubaldi - OECD

Name of Online Moderator: Israel Rosas - Digital Government Strategy of Mexico
Background Paper: open_forum_proposal_red_gealc.pdf
Past IGF Participation: Yes
Report Link: http://www.igf2016.mx/

Session Organizers
avatar for Yolanda Martínez

Yolanda Martínez

Chief of the Digital Government Unit, Digital Government Unit
With an extensive experience in the design and development of projects on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), currently, she is the Head of the Digital Government Unit of the Ministry of Public Administration (SFP, by its initials in Spanish). In this position, she has... Read More →

Wednesday December 20, 2017 09:00 - 10:00 CET
Room XXVI - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

09:00 CET

What´s going at the ITU, how it affects Internet Governance, and why you should probably care (WS256)

Proposer's Name: Mr. Gus Rossi
Proposer's Organization: Public Knowledge
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Deborah Brown
Co-Proposer's Organization: APC
Mr.,Gus,Rossi,Civil Society,Public Knowledge
Ms.,Deborah,Brown,Civil Society,APC

Session Format: Round Table - 60 Min

Country: United States
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Country: South Africa
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Mehwish Ansari
Speaker: Robert Pepper 
: Thomas Schneider
Speaker: Gus Rossi
Speaker: Benedicto Fonseca
Speaker: Deborah Brown

Content of the Session:
What´s going on at the ITU? There are many important internet governance discussions coming up at the ITU, affecting the Internet of Things, the regulation of OTTs, and cybersecurity. Planning for the ITU’s major fora, like the 2018 Plenipotentiary Conference and the World Telecommunication/ICT Policy Forum are already underway. Yet, given the multilateral character of the organization, it is relatively hard for the broader internet governance community to follow those debates.

This session brings together the views of different stakeholders with participation or following the ITU (government officials, civil society, international bureaucrats, business leaders) and contextualize internet policy developments at the ITU them in the broader IG debate.

Relevance of the Session:
The IGF’s mandate includes facilitating discourse between bodies dealing with different cross-cutting international public policies regarding the internet and interfacing with appropriate intergovernmental organizations and other institutions on matters under their purview (Tunis Agenda para 72 b and c). As such, this session proposes to facilitate a dialogue amongst different stakeholders to exchange views on internet policy developments at ITU, and to enables the different stakeholders to understand the contextualize them within the broader of internet governance debate.

The objective of the session is not to debate the ITU’s role in internet governance, but to improve transparency around ongoing work and to discuss the ITU’s work on internet policy in an open, multi-stakeholder environments at the IGF.

Tag 1: Internet Governance
Tag 2: Internet of Things
Tag 3: Cybersecurity

Each speaker brings the perspective of a different stakeholder involved or affected by ITU decisions.

Mehwish, Deborah, and Gus contribute with the vision of civil society.
Thomas Schneider, Swiss Diplomat
Benedicto Fonseca, Brazilian Diplomat
Robert Pepper, Facebook


Two of the confirmed panelists are women: Deborah, and Mehwish.
Two have been born in the Global South: Gus (Argentina), Benedicto
One is an immigrant: Gus (Argentina) living in US.
Three work in civil society: Gus, Deborah, Mehwish
One works in private sector: Robert (Facebook)
Two work for Governments: Benedicto Fonseca (Brasil), Thomas Schneider (Switzerland)

Onsite Moderator: Deborah Brown
Online Moderator: Melanie Penagos
Rapporteur: Gus Rossi

Online Participation:
The onsite and online moderators will be in permanent contact during the session. The input (questions, comments) of online participants will be prioritized onsite and incorporated constantly in the normal flow of the conversation. 

Discussion facilitation:
The first 30min of the roundtable will be for the speakers to introduce the issues being treated at ITU. The rest of the time will be for debate and q&a with onsite and online participants. The goal of the session is to inform the participants of the different policy developments at ITU, and encourage dialogue among different stakeholders to deal with these issues.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/index.php?q=filedepot_download/4118/336



The workshop will be run as a roundtable discussion. Participants will be required to consider jointly a number of generic issues proposed to them by the moderators. This approach will make for a dynamic exchange, conducive to creative collective thinking on the issues at stake. Audience participation with on-site discussants will also be actively encouraged, both in-room and remotely. 

(10 min) Scene setting: what is the mandate and scope of ITU for Internet Governance issues?
(20 min) What are the ongoing efforts at ITU on Internet Governance?

(10 min) Why should the different IG stakeholders care?

(20 min) What are the most pressing issues? Plenipot 2018? OTT re-regulation?

(30 min) Q&As and discussion 

Session Organizers
avatar for Gus Rossi

Gus Rossi

Global Policy Director, Public Knowledge
At Public Knowledge I focus on global issues, promoting an open internet, and balanced intellectual property policies around the world.Prior to joining Public Knowledge, I worked for Argentina at the Board of the Inter-American Development Bank and helped a Member of the European... Read More →

Wednesday December 20, 2017 09:00 - 10:00 CET
Room XXVII - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

11:20 CET

Strengthening the IGF – the German Community Invites to a Discussion (OF74)

Tag 1: Future Internet Governance
Tag 2: IGF
Tag 3:

Name: Mr. Peter StentzlerOrganizational Affiliation: Federal Foreign Office of Germany

The IGF as mandated by the General Assembly is the most diverse, inclusive and effective global platform for an open multi-stakeholder dialogue on all questions related to Internet Governance. We believe that this form of a global dialogue with all involved stakeholders is indispensable for a free, open, secure and accessible Internet in accordance with the IGF’s mandate of the United Nations.

Therefore the German IGF community as prospective host of the IGF 2019 invites the international IGF community to an open discussion on possibilities to strengthen the IGF further.

The discussion is hosted by the German Ministry of Economic Affairs and German Federal Foreign Office jointly with the German IGF community.


Dr. Thomas Fitschen, Director for the United Nations, Cyber Foreign Policy and Counterterrorism, Federal Foreign Office

Dr. Rudolf Gridl, Head of Division Internet Governance and International Digital Dialogue, Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy





Session Organizers

Peter Stentzler

Desk Officer, Federal Foreign Office

Wednesday December 20, 2017 11:20 - 12:20 CET
Room XII - A United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

11:50 CET

Good governance with governments: Getting governments involved in internet governance (WS150)

Proposer's Name: Mr. Martin Fischer
Proposer's Organization: IGF Academy
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Lorena Jaume Palasi
Co-Proposer's Organization: iRights e.V.
Mr. Martin Fischer, Civil Society, IGF Academy
Ms. Lorena Jaume-Palasí, Civil Society, iRights e.V.

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: Germany
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Country: Germany
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Juuso Moisander
Speaker: Frederico Links
Speaker: Natasha Tibinyane
Speaker: Gabriel Ramokotjo

Content of the Session:
In the light of the new consultation process to define the concept of enhanced cooperation, it is useful to look at existing practices and the roles assumed by governments active within Internet governance structures, in particular at a local level, and extract best practices. The round table will focus on exchanging experiences among long existing IGF initiatives and incipient IGFs. It will show examples of meaningful governmental involvement and discuss both incentives, challenges and outputs. The speakers will point out the benefits of government involvement, judging from their own national experiences. Risk factors and obstructions (capturing, blocking of the process, process delay, incompatibilities with democratic due process etc.) will be presented, where applicable, and the speakers will share their strategies to mitigate and resolve such situations.

Relevance of the Session:
There are 195 countries in the world and 80+ NRIs under current development. They face similar obstacles to implement a full-fledged multi-stakeholder process, and they are all still in the process of defining the roles and forms of contribution of each of their stakeholder groups. Governments are a key stakeholder to allow transition from Internet governance debates into policy and to embed the multistakeholder model within their political structure in an efficient way for the growth and benefit of their societies.

Tag 1: NRIs
Tag 2: Decision makers
Tag 3: Multistakeholderism

Each speaker will have a brief intervention laying out their approach to involve governments in their NRIs and comment on challenges, outputs and recommendations.
Mr. Hasanul Haq Inu, Information Minister, People's Republic of Bangladesh, Chair IGF Bangladesh,
Marjolijn Bonthuis, civil society, Netherlands IGF
Gabriel Ramokotjo, technical community, South Africa
Juuso Moisander, MAG member, government, Finland
Olga Cavalli, academia, South School on Internet Governance, Argentina
Frederico Links, Natasha Tibinyane, media, Namibia 

The speakers will be composed of representatives from all geographic regions and stakeholders. It will ensure gender balance and present a diversity of opinions and approaches.

Onsite Moderator: Helani Galpaya, LIRNEasia
Online Moderator: Martin Fischer, IGF Academy
Rapporteur: Lorena Jaume-Palasí, iRights e.V.

Online Participation:
Particular attention will be given to online participation as the panel is especially catering for the needs of lesser developed NRIs, who might not have the means to attend the IGF in person. Therefore a proactive online moderator will encourage remote attendees to contribute with questions and experiences.

Discussion facilitation:
The focus will lie on interaction with the attendees and online participation in order to respond to specific interventions and to support developing NRIs.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: No
Link to Report: 

Session Organizers
avatar for Martin Fischer

Martin Fischer

Project Manager, iRights international e.V.
Youth participation, inclusion, education, gaming, gamification
avatar for Lorena Jaume-Palasí

Lorena Jaume-Palasí

Executive Director, AlgorithmWatch

Wednesday December 20, 2017 11:50 - 13:20 CET
Room XXVII - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

11:50 CET

Multi-stakeholder consultation on defining Internet Universality indicators (WS53)

Proposer's Name: Ms. Xianhong Hu
Proposer's Organization: UNESCO
Co-Proposer's Name: Mr. Hara Padhy
Co-Proposer's Organization: UNESCO
Ms Constance Bommelaer, Technical Community; ISOC
Ms Anriette Esterhuysen, Civil Society, Association for Progressive Communication

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: France
Stakeholder Group: Intergovernmental Organizations

Content of the Session:

UNESCO takes the occasion to present its first draft of “Internet Universality Indicatorsand engage with global stakeholders for their inputs and contributions. This is a kick-off of UNESCO’s phase 2 global consultation to develop a set of Internet Universality Indicators. The project is an immediate response following UNESCO’s adoption of the ‘CONNECTing the Dots’ Outcome document in 2015, where UNESCO put the concept of ‘Internet Universality’ at the heart of its work to promote an Internet that works for all. Internet Universality points to four fundamental norms – known for short as the ROAM principles – which are the guiding framework that promotes an Internet based on human rights, and the principles of openness, accessibility, and multi-stakeholder participation.


The project aims to elaborate five categories of appropriate Internet Indicators, which can serve to enrich the stakeholders’ capacity for assessing Internet development, broaden international consensus, and foster online democracy and human rights towards knowledge societies engaged in sustainable development. These Indicators will help governments and other stakeholders to assess their own national Internet environments and to promote the values associated with Internet Universality. There will be a mix of quantitative and qualitative Indicators. The work on the project to define Internet Universality Indicators is being led for UNESCO by the Association for Progressive Communications (APC).


The session will be an interactive roundtable discussion. It will start with a brief presentation of the draft Indicators to be followed by comments by participants in each category of indicators of ROAMX as above.


An online platform for Phase 2 of the consultation is for online comments (closes 15 March 2018), and participants are encouraged to engage with this:



In-Person Moderator and Opening Remarks (5’): Mr. Guy Berger, UNESCO Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development.  




10’ Presentation on the first draft of Internet Universality Indicators: Mr. David Souter, APC Consortium




3’  Ms. Anriette Esterhuysen, APC (Rights and Gender)

3’ Ms Anja Kovacs, the Internet Democracy project (Rights)

3’ Prof Xue Hong, China Normal University  (Openness) 

3’ Mr. Stephen Wyber, Manager of Policy and Advocacy IFLA (Access)              

3’ Ms Dorothy Gordan, UNESCO IFAP Chair on information literacy (Access)

3’ Ms. Jasmina Byrne, UNICEF (Youth and Children)

3’ Mr. Raul Echeberria, ISOC (Multi-stakeholder)

3’ Mr. Ridha Guellouz, President of Tunisian Association of ICTs-ATTIC (Multi-stakeholder)


3’ Mr. Indrajit Banerjee, UNESCO Director Knowledge Societies Division       


48’ Discussion


Rapporteur : Ms. Xianhong Hu, UNESCO


Remote moderator: Mr Guilherme Canela, UNESCO


Notes and photos: Mr. Zhaocan Li, UNESCO


Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes

Link to Report: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/igf-2016-day-2-room-6-ws159-encryption-and-safety-of-journalists-in-digital-age

Additional Reference Document Link: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/internetstudy/


Session Organizers
avatar for Xianhong Hu

Xianhong Hu

Programme Specialist, UNESCO

Wednesday December 20, 2017 11:50 - 13:20 CET
Room XI - A United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

12:20 CET

Next Generation Internet (OF72)
The Internet is at the core of our socio-economic development. However in the last years we witnessed an increasing level of distrust towards Internet technology. In order to re-establish trust in the users and boost socio-economic growth, the Internet of the future will have to deliver more to the users. Therefore we have to build it around common and shared values that will put humans at the center of technology development.
The European Commission has launched the Next Generation Internet initiative, to support the development of a human-centric Internet around core European values. This Internet of Values will also contribute in shaping Internet Governance for the next decade and the Open Forum will be the perfect venue to present the initiative on the Internet Governance global scene.
Tag 1: Future Internet
Tag 2:
Tag 3:
Name(s) of Speaker(s): Pearse O'Donohue
Cristina Monti

Name of Online Moderator: Valentina Scialpi
Background Paper: background_paper_igf.docx_.pdf
Past IGF Participation: Yes
Report Link: https://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/es/content/global-internet-policy-observatory
Name: Ms. Valentina Scialpi
Organizational Affiliation: European Commission

Session Organizers

Wednesday December 20, 2017 12:20 - 13:20 CET
Room XXIV - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

15:00 CET

Explaining Internet governance to friends & family 101: How to improve our communication? (WS161)

Proposer's Name: Ms. Agustina Callegari
Proposer's Organization: Independent
Co-Proposer's Name: Mr. Michael Oghia
Co-Proposer's Organization: Independent
Ms., Agustina, CALLEGARI, Civil Society, Independent
Mr., Michael, OGHIA, Civil Society, Independent
Ms. Jelena, Technical community, RNIDS

Session Format: Break-out Group Discussions - 90 Min

Country: Argentina
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Country: Serbia
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Jaifa Margarita Mezher Arango 
Speaker: Daniel OMaley
Speaker: Michael Joseph Oghia
Speaker: Jelena Ozegovic
Speaker: Evelyn Namara

Content of the Session:
For those who work on Internet policy issues, talking about Internet governance is part of our daily routine. Yet, when we move the discussion outside of the community and into our routine spheres of life, it can often be difficult to explain it and/or difficult to comprehend. As such, the impact of the topics on someone’s life who is not involved in Internet governance processes tends to be less clear. How many of our parent and friends can explain what we do to someone else, for instance?

Since the IGF is a multistakeholder platform that facilitates the discussion of public policy issues pertaining to the Internet, it is important to discuss how we approach those individuals who are not as familiar with Internet policy or involved in the matter – especially if they are end users themselves – and also how to receive more and better attention from the media regarding topics that affect Internet users worldwide. Even though in cases such as the Snowden revelations the attention to the importance of the Internet was more prominent, generally speaking, Internet policy issues are not well understood by people outside the Internet governance ecosystem. This is particularly important as National and Regional IGF Initiatives (NRIs) expand and grow. More, often non-traditional, stakeholders and individual actors will be engaged, many for the first time, and ensuring they understand Internet governance is critical. This also relates to the availability of content relevant to their local context and in local languages, as well as technical matters such as Universal Acceptance.

This session aims to bring together different stakeholders who are working in positions and fields that communicate Internet governance issues to the public in order to identify better practices and new ways of telling engaging stories on the matter. In addition, it seeks to provide a platform for further cooperation and the exchange of ideas between various stakeholders.

During the preparatory process before the IGF will be held, an online questionnaire targeting both Internet governance professionals and the general public will be created by the session organizers and distributed across various channels, such as email lists and social media channels. It aims to gather information on the existing practices and challenges, and to investigate how the general public understands Internet governance-related topics. The results of the questionnaire will be presented in the introduction part of the session.

The session outcome will include a guide with recommendations we plan to publish based on the results of the discussion, along with related links and resources, which we will disseminate by February 2018 as a post-IGF report.

Relevance of the Session:
The issue is relevant for most IGF topics as the idea of the workshop is to discuss how to improve communication about internet governance. The workshop is important to the programme as it is a topic has never been fully addressed before. If we identify better communication practices, we will be able to reach a broader public highlighting why is important for them to shape their digital future. 

Tag 1: Multistakeholder Cooperation
Tag 2: Digital Literacy
Tag 3: Multilingualism and Local Content

Breakout sessions are ideal for this type of workshop since we want to brainstorm solutions and recommendations. The workshop will open by an introduction by the moderator, and then facilitators will split the in-person attendees into smaller groups that will then report back (the same will be done for remote participants by the remote moderator).

The small-group facilitators will lead the discussion as well as offer their own insights and suggestions.

List of facilitators.

Luna Madi, Sr Communication Manager, ICANN (EMEA) - technical community

Jelena Ozegovic, Communication Associate at the Serbian national Internet domain registry (RNIDS) (Europe) - technical community

Michael Oghia, independent consultant (Europe) - civil society

Jennifer Chung, dotAsia (Asia) - technical community

Francisco Brito Cruz, InternetLab (LAC) -civil society

Evelyn Namara,‎ Africa Civil Society on Information Society (ACSIS) (Africa) - civil society

Jaifa Margarita Mezher Arango - Government of Colombia (LAC) - government

Dan O’Malley, Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA), North America

The session will have speakers/facilitators from different regions (North America, LAC, Europe, Mena region Asia, Africa) and from different sectors (technical community, civil society, government). In addition, the session has more than 50% of female participants. 

Onsite Moderator: Agustina Callegari
Online Moderator: Krishna Kumar
Rapporteur: Mark Datysgeld 

Online Participation:
During the session, online participants will also abide by the same format as the on-site participants. The remote moderator will facilitate discussions in the group chat using the IGF platform for remote participation, and report about their discussion. We will invite online journalists already involved in technology and Internet issues to participate and share their opinions as well. Also, social media channels will be important to promote the topic and to reach communication specialist who may be interested in the topics.

Discussion facilitation:
As the session will be a break out discussion, the idea is that there are not speakers at the session. People list as speakers will be leading the discussion as facilitators. After a short introduction of the topic, we propose to divide the audience into four different groups. Each group will have two facilitators of different backgrounds and will be assigned with one of the four main topics (see below). In each group, each facilitator will have no more than five minutes to give an opening statement regarding one of the kicks off questions. After that, everybody will be able to take the mic as will aim to have different perspectives and create a more vibrant discussion. The facilitators will be also in charge of documenting the main points of the discussion, which will be share with others groups in the last part of the session.


Introduction - Welcome, purpose and objective of the discussion with short presentation of the results of the questionnaire - 10 minutes
Break out discussion in 4 groups: 60 minutes
Topics for a break out discussion:

Reaching a broader public: does IG community really needs it or it is a general mantra?
The relationship with the traditional media and journalists: have we given up trying to reach them unless we have some exclusive info?
Local content: good practices and lessons learned
Why should people care about IG topics? How can we make them care?

Share and conclusion- 20 minutes

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: No
Link to Report: 

Additional Speakers: 

Luna Madi, Sr Communication Manager, ICANN (EMEA)  - luna.madi@icann.org

Luna serves ICANN as Director, EMEA Communication.

Jennifer Chung, dotAsia (Asia) -  jen@registry.asia

Jennifer is the Director of Corporate Knowledge for DotAsia Organisation and oversees
the knowledge and policy development for DotAsia in the region and in the community.

  • Introduction - Welcome, purpose and objective of the discussion with short presentation of the results of the questionnaire - 10 minutes
  • Break out discussion in 4 groups: 60 minutes

Topics for a break out discussion:

  1. Reaching a broader public: does IG community really needs it or it is a general mantra?
  2. The relationship with the traditional media and journalists: have we given up trying to reach them unless we have some exclusive info?
  3. Local content: good practices and lessons learned
  4. Why should people care about IG topics? How can we make them care?
  • Share and conclusions- 20 minutes

Session Organizers
avatar for Agustina Callegari

Agustina Callegari

ISOC Ambassador 2015

Wednesday December 20, 2017 15:00 - 16:30 CET
Room XXVI - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

17:20 CET

African IGF Open Forum (OF6)

The main aim of the Open Forum is to facilitate exchange of good practices between African sub-regional IGFs (Central Africa, North Africa, and West Africa), on their processes, especially the successes and failures and the way forward, taking into account the multistakeholder dimension of IGF and to share the Key achievements of the 6th African IGF, held in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, under the theme “Enabling an Inclusive Digital Transformation of Africa”.

The Forum will also be used to discuss implementation of the African IGF Charter, the African Union Declaration on Internet Governance and its project on IG Capacity Building. 


  1. Makane Faye
  2. Adil Sulieman


  1. Makane Faye, African IGF Secretariat (5 minutes for setting the scene)
  2. Christine Arida, Chairperson of the African IGF, Moderator (5 minutes)
  3. Mary Uduma, Chair, African IGF Charter Working Group & Coordinator, West Africa IGF (5 minutes for the Charter and 5 minutes for WAIGF)
  4. Ridha Guellouz, Chairperson, North Africa IGF (5 minutes)
  5. Michel Tchonan Linze, CEO CAPDA, Central Africa IGF (5 minutes)
  6. Adil Sulieman, Senior ICT Policy Officer, African Union (5 minutes on the way forward in relation to AfIGF and the AU Capacity Building Project on Internet Governance)

The presentations will be followed by Q & A (25 minutes)

Online moderator:

Wisdom Donkor, IGF MAG & African Charter Working Group member

Session Organizers

Makane Faye

AfIGF Secretary, African Internet Governance Forum
Secretary of the African Internet Governance Forum Chairperson of the West African IGF Planning Committee Member of the Executive Committee of the Internet Governance Forum Support Association President of the Association of Former International Civil Servants of the United Na... Read More →

Wednesday December 20, 2017 17:20 - 18:20 CET
Room XXIII - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

17:20 CET

Protecting Human Rights Online: the Freedom Online Coalition (OF33)

The Freedom Online Coalition is a group of 30 countries, from all regions of the world, committed to coordinating efforts with each other and with other stakeholders to advance Internet freedom. At this IGF Open Forum, as incoming Chair of the Coalition Germany will outline the FOC’s plan for 2018. The FOC’s new mode of multistakeholder-engagement, the Advisory Network, will be presented and officially launched at this year’s IGF. Coalition members will further give updates on the work of the Coalition since the IGF in Guadalajara, including the outcomes of  its strategy meeting on the margins of the Stockholm Internet Forum hosted by Sweden on May 16 and notably explain key provisions of its revised Terms of Reference and the work of the Digital Defenders Partnership to support  civil society facing online threats.

We invite the IGF community to engage in a discussion on the  work of the Coalition in 2018 and the state of Internet freedom in 2017, in light of the member’s commitments—reiterated in the San Jose Statement in October 2016 to mark the Coalition’s five-year anniversary. This Open Forum will be a platform for all interested members of the IGF community to participate; members of all stakeholder groups are encouraged to attend.

Tag 1: Multistakeholder Cooperation
Tag 2: Human Rights Online
Tag 3: Freedom of Expression Online

Name(s) of Speaker(s):

Ambassador Thomas Fitschen, Director for the United Nations, Cyber Foreign policy and Counterterrorism, Government of Germany

Piret Urb, Counsellor (FOC, UNESCO, UNAOC, CD, OGP, Internet freedom issues), Division of International Organisations, Political Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia

Katharine Kendrick, Former co-Chair FOC Working Group 3 “Privacy and Transparency Online”; International Public Policy Manager, Airbnb, Inc.

Matthew Shears, Former co-Chair FOC Working Group 1 “An Internet Free and Secure”; Independent policy consultant; ICANN Board

Name of Online Moderator: Aditi Gupta
Background Paper:
Past IGF Participation: Yes
Report Link: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/index.php?q=filedepot_download/4115/380
Name: Mr. Seth Bouvier
Organizational Affiliation: U.S. Department of State

Session Organizers

Seth Bouvier

U.S. State Department, Department of State

Wednesday December 20, 2017 17:20 - 18:20 CET
Room XXI - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)
Thursday, December 21

09:00 CET

Internet & Jurisdiction Policy Network
Thursday December 21, 2017 09:00 - 10:00 CET
Room IX - A United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

09:00 CET

Synthesis Document - A Collective Output Shaping the Future of IGF & NRIs: An Experience from APrIGF (WS290)

Proposer's Name: Ms. Yannis Li
Proposer's Organization: DotAsia Organisation (Secretariat of APrIGF)
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Jennifer Chung
Co-Proposer's Organization: DotAsia Organisation (Secretariat of APrIGF)
Mr. Paul WILSON, Technical Community, APNIC (Chair of APrIGF MSG)
Mr. Edmon CHUNG, Technical Community, DotAsia Organisation (Secretariat of APrIGF)

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Country: China
Stakeholder Group: Technical Community

Country: China
Stakeholder Group: Technical Community

Speaker: Paul Wilson
Speaker: Chat Garcia Ramilo
Speaker: Maureen Hilyard
Speaker: Winston Roberts
Speaker: Jianne Soriano

Content of the Session:
The IGF and the NRIs (National & Regional Initiatives) have been criticized for lacking more concrete “outputs”. While it is a successful feature (not a bug) of IGF (and NRIs) to avoid binding outcomes, and therefore be able to bring together different stakeholders to collaborate and deliberate on emerging issues related to Internet Governance, there is also continuing interest for more substantive outputs beyond simply reporting on workshops convened.

Is it possible to develop a more tangible “output” from IGF (and NRIs) that could better shape the shared global digital future? How can a process to develop such an output be inclusive, non-interruptive to the IGF (and NRI) proceedings themselves and help strengthen the IGF movement?

Since 2015 a Synthesis Document has been produced from the Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF) (2015: [http://2015.rigf.asia/synthesis-document/] and 2016: [http://igf.asia/syndoc2016]). The documents were developed openly using a participatory document review platform to compile contributions and comments. This process attracted a large number of contributions from many volunteers, and no record of objection to the goal of producing the document, or to the process itself. This roundtable session will explain the process, outputs and thinking of the APrIGF Synthesis Document, from which to consider the prospect and value for similar undertakings at other IGF related meetings.

- APrIGF & the APrIGF Synthesis Document Development Process (~15min)
- Roundtable Discussion:
a. Value & Objectives of an “Output” Document (~20min)
b. Process & Logistical Challenges (~20min)
c. Applicability of Experience for IGF and NRIs (~20min)
- Wrap Up & Summary (~10 min)

Relevance of the Session:
This session is about shaping the future of IGF and NRIs.

Started out as an experiment in APrIGF 2015, the Synthesis Document has become an important part of APrIGF.

The APrIGF Synthesis Document was first raised and discussed at the APrIGF New Delhi 2014 Multi-Stakeholder Steering Group (MSG) meetings, and further refined over the course of MSG deliberations throughout the year. The Synthesis Document aims to identify items of common interest and relevance to Internet governance within the Asia Pacific region. The MSG decided to implement this experimental approach for the first time for the APrIGF Macao 2015 and it became an integral part of the programming for APrIGF from 2016 onwards.

The APrIGF Synthesis Document aims to document the input from participants at the APrIGF (as well as the broader APrIGF community through remote participation and dissemination on the mailing list) and is not intended to be representative of the diverse Asia Pacific region. Nevertheless, it is anticipated by the APrIGF MSG that the development of this Synthesis Document can help drive active participation in the movement, as well as to allow for a platform to voices, views and thoughts in the Asia Pacific region as contribution to relevant global, national, local and international forums on Internet Governance.

This session will share the experience from APrIGF about the development of the Synthesis Document and explore the applicability for similar undertakings at other NRIs and the IGF. While the IGF movement has been successful by avoiding binding outcomes, there is genuine interest from the community for more concrete outputs coming out of IGF (and NRI) meetings. The Synthesis Document is an effort to reshape IGF (and NRI) meetings with a potential to deliver a more tangible output without interrupting the open nature of the IGF movement.

Tag 1: NRIs
Tag 2: Internet & ICTs for the Sustainable Development Goals
Tag 3: Multistakeholder Cooperation

The session is intended to be a roundtable discussion.

Additional discussants, especially from organizers of NRIs and IGF Mag will be sought to engage in a meaningful discussion of the possibility and value of a Synthesis Document like initiative at the respective meetings.

The identified speakers are intended to serve more as discussants to spark the discussion by first describing their experience at APrIGF of the development of the Synthesis Document, and will engage the audience in feedback, discussion and reflection on whether such an undertaking would be useful at their respective IGF meetings.

The initiating group of speakers will include people from different stakeholder groups, including from the industry, technical community, academia, civil society and government. Youth participants will also be included from the Youth IGF Camp organized alongside the APrIGF.

In addition, organizers of NRIs and IGF Mag members will be invited to participate in the roundtable, from which additional geographical diversity and policy perspectives will be integrated into the discussion.

Onsite Moderator: Edmon Chung, DotAsia Organisation
Online Moderator: Yannis Li, Secretariat of APrIGF
Rapporteur: Jennifer Chung, Secretariat of APrIGF

Online Participation:
Online participation will be supported and given the same treatment as participants in the room. Online participants will be able to indicate their interest to speak the same way as participants in the room, and the moderator will manage one integrated queue for speaking.

In addition, chat will be especially encouraged and the remote moderator along with moderators of the session will be prepared to proactively engage in conversations with remote participants.

Furthermore, the development of the APrIGF Synthesis Document itself encourages online and remote participation throughout the development cycle, including multiple public comment periods as well as user-friendly ways to comment on specific language and topics. We therefore believe that many of the participants, especially remote participants would be encouraged to participate in this session.

Discussion facilitation:
In addition to general comments and Q&A, the session intends to be a highly interactive one where discussants proactively engage participants in a dialogue on the three key discussion topics:
a. Value & Objectives of an “Output” Document
b. Process & Logistical Challenges
c. Applicability of Experience for IGF and NRIs

Specific questions will be prepared to invite concrete responses and thoughts from participants, e.g.:
- Do you think something like the APrIGF Synthesis Document will help drive participation at your NRI?
- Do you think the processes developed at APrIGF provides a good framework for engaging broader participation on IG?
- Do you think the processes developed at APrIGF can address issues of competing time and attention at IGF meetings?

Organizers from NRIs will be invited to the session to spark the discussion and provide diverse perspectives. We believe this is a topic of high relevance to all IGF related meetings, and therefore will proactively seek participants' contribution on the issues of applicability, feasibility and potential challenges of implementing a Synthesis Document process at their NRI.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: No
Link to Report: 


Session Organizers

Thursday December 21, 2017 09:00 - 10:30 CET
Room XXII - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

09:40 CET

10:10 CET

Memory and documentation in Internet Governance: The challenge of building collections (OF86)
This open forum seeks to match stories and reports concerning the building of collections, shedding light especially to initiatives focused on Internet Governance and related subjects. The Brazilian Internet Steering Committee – CGI.br will present its own project, an ongoing initiative to build an Internet Governance collection available to the general public in Brazil. -- The conversation will touch on a series of challenges, such as bibliographic control, memory, catalog and repositories, standardization, semantics, vocabulary, metadata, interoperability, access to knowledge and the difficulties inherent to combine physical and digital materials on Internet Governance in one same collection. The session will present to the IGF two of CGI.br’s most recent initiatives: the Internet Governance Collection and the reform of the Friends of the IGF repository (to which CGI.br has been providing Secretariat Services since 2016). For one year now, CGI.br has been developing an Internet Governance Collection consisting of a physical and digital archive of books, reports and all kinds of materials related to Internet Governance. The project involves the acquisition of new pieces and donations made by partner institutions. The aim is to build a relevant reference database that can be used for research as well as for keeping a memory of important documentation in the field, at the local, regional and global levels. CGI.br has recently committed to provide Secretariat services and hosting the Friends of the IGF project, as well as developing a new portal for the project.
Building and managing this kind of collections are not an easy task, for it involves information management policies, infrastructure, standardization and the cooperative efforts in the exchange of information between organization and development of semantic schemes in a way that allows for interoperability with other existing systems. Two other organizations will be invited to give an overview of their activities and discuss the challenges – the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and Europeana Collections. We expect that the session can enable a first dialogue on good practices and viable collaborative solutions, as well create a continued space for permanent intersessional discussion about these efforts. The session is structured around three brief ten-minute presentations by the invitees, followed by a 30-minute Q&A debate session with the audience.
Tag 1: Standardization
Tag 2:
Tag 3:

Name(s) of Speaker(s):
Susan Chalmers (Internet Policy Specialist at US Department of Commerce, NTIA); 
Ron da Silva (ICANN Board Member);
Hartmut Glaser (NIC.br/CGI.br);
Jean C. F. Santos (NIC.br/CGI.br);

Name of Online Moderator: Vinicius W. O. Santos (NIC.br)
Rapporteur: Diego Canabarro, Jamila Venturini

Past IGF Participation: Yes
Report Link: http://friendsoftheigf.org/assets/Uploads/WS47-Content-delivery-alternatives-intertwining-of-IXPs-and-CDNs.pdf
Name: Mr. Hartmut Glaser
Organizational Affiliation: Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br)

Session Organizers
avatar for Vinicius W. O. Santos

Vinicius W. O. Santos

Expert advisor, NIC.br / CGI.br
Expert advisor to the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br)

Thursday December 21, 2017 10:10 - 11:10 CET
Room XXI - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

10:40 CET

The Distributed Denial of Democracy: Threats to Democratic Processes Online (WS154)

Proposer's Name: Ms. Morgan Frost
Proposer's Organization: Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) 
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Sarah Moulton
Co-Proposer's Organization: National Democratic Institute (NDI)
Mr.,Daniel,O’MALEY,Civil Society,Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA)
Ms.,Sarah,MOULTON,Civil Society,National Democratic Institute (NDI)
Ms.,Maiko,NAKAGAKI,Civil Society,Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE)

Session Format: Panel - 60 Min

Country: United States
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Country: United States
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Hanane Boujemi
Speaker: Martha Roldos
Speaker: Chris Doten
Speaker: Jehan Ara
Speaker: Mishi Choudhary 
Speaker: Matt Chessen

Content of the Session:
This panel will open with brief introductions from each participant highlighting the view from their sector of the threats to democracy caused by the weaponization of information and manipulations of access on the internet. This will include discussions of technical censorship and throttling by ISPs, the legal implications of surveillance and cyber laws, and the challenges posed by digital disinformation, fake news, and online trolling. Panelists will then discuss the solutions: how can stakeholders shape a better internet to invigorate 21st century democracies with inclusive participation, including how to apply the IRPC’s 10 Internet Rights and Principles for global and local advocacy. Panel comments will be held to a maximum of 30 minutes to permit participation from the in-person and online audiences as well as dialogue among panel members. 

Relevance of the Session:
During the heady days of the Arab Spring the globalization of the internet seemed to be ushering in a new age of democracy and openness, but instead radical shifts caused by these new communications channels have created the most hostile environment to political institutions and long-standing democracies in decades. The shift of political discourse to online platforms has empowered anti-democratic actors who have created innovative new techniques that turn the attributes of the internet against open institutions, harnessing hyper-partisanship, filter bubbles, and age-old human biases, accelerated with content stolen by hackers or outright fake news, to erode trust and increase hatred and xenophobia. At the same time, authoritarian regimes in control of the structures of the internet are increasingly censoring, throttling, surveilling or otherwise manipulating the internet to silence dissent, promote violence, and perpetuate inequalities. Given these challenges, it is up to the defenders of an open internet to consider how to shape the modern agora into a place for vibrant, open, constructive and democratic dialogue. Ensuring that the future of the internet empowers universal human rights and democratic values will require cooperation from government policymakers, civil society leaders, the technology sector, and multilateral fora like the IGF.

Tag 1: Multistakeholder Cooperation
Tag 2: Human Rights Online
Tag 3: Freedom of Expression Online

We are pleased to have a cross-section of remarkable individuals whose varied experiences will bring important perspectives on the disruptions the internet has brought to democracies around the world. A Department of State technologist will bring an American governmental point of view, while civil society and private sector leaders from the Global South experienced in advocacy, cyber law and political organizing will describe the ways that internet manipulation and digital disinformation are impacting their democracies and ways in which they’ve addressed these challenges. A representative of HIVOS will discuss the response of the donor community, and a leader of the technology community in India will be able to discuss the impacts of policy choices and the response of the corporate sector. Each speaker will share their views on threats or opportunities that the internet has brought to democracy and their personal perspectives in how the future of the internet ought to be shaped. 

Modeling the diversity of IGF, this will be a truly global panel with different stakeholder groups, a range of ages, varied viewpoints, and an even split of gender. Many of the participants are from developing countries, and only one has spoken at or organized a panel for IGF in the past. We intend to use the online discussion capabilities to focus on voices from a range of perspectives as well.

Onsite Moderator: Mr.,Daniel,O’MALEY,Civil Society,Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA)
Online Moderator: Ms.,Maiko,NAKAGAKI,Civil Society,Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE)
Rapporteur: Ms.,Morgan,FROST,Civil Society,Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE)

Online Participation:
The livestream for this event will be promoted in advance through the social networks of the participating organizations, and NDI will host an in-person event replaying the content for the DC open internet community. For those connected at the time, our online moderator, Maiko Nakagaki, will share questions from these participants up to the panel in real time to build a global discussion. In addition, the panel will also be advertised and promoted throughout the newly formed Community of Open Internet Advocates facilitated by CIPE, CIMA, and NDI. This community includes representatives from Pakistan, Nigeria, Slovakia, Sri Lanka, India, Mexico, Tunisia, Jordan, Kenya, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, Cote D’Ivoire, Venezuela, and Hungary.

Discussion facilitation:
Moderated by Daniel O’Maley, each distinguished speaker will have the opportunity to share their perspectives on the challenges posed by internet-delivered “distributed denial of democracy” attacks and how to shape the future of the internet to protect vibrant democracies. In order to have a compelling discussion among stakeholders, Mr. O’Maley will permit brief statements and inter-panel dialogue held to 30 minutes, after which the floor will belong to questions from the audience within IGF and through online participation. 

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: No
Link to Report: https://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/igf-2017-ws-154-the-distributed-denial-of-democracy-threats-to-democratic-processes-online

Background Paper


1. Brief Introduction to the Discussion - 5 minutes

2. Introduction of Panelists - 5 minutes

3. Discussion among Panelists on Threats to Democratic Processes Online - 30 minutes

4. Questions (In person and through online participation) - 15 minutes

5. Wrap Up - 5 minutes

Session Organizers
avatar for Morgan Frost

Morgan Frost

Morgan Frost is the Associate Program Officer of Global Programs at the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) in Washington, D.C., where she focuses on cross-regional projects involving digital economy and development, internet freedom, and women’s economic empowerment... Read More →

Thursday December 21, 2017 10:40 - 11:40 CET
Room XXVII - E United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)

11:20 CET

“Harnessing Digital Economy Opportunities by Supporting SMEs in Information Technology Adoption” (OF53)
The development of internet technology greatly affects many aspects of the world, especially related to the provision of information and communication, political, economic and socio-cultural. Regarding the provision of information and communication, we can experience its convenience and velocity in providing and obtaining information that facilitates the emergence of innovations in the business world accelerating the economic growth rate as well as simplifies human interaction.

The G20 Ministers responsible for the digital economy, met in Düsseldorf on 6–7 April 2017 recognise that the digital economy is an increasingly important driver of global inclusive economic growth and plays a significant role in accelerating economic development, enhancing productivity of existing industries, cultivating new markets and industries and achieving inclusive sustainable growth and development. G20 countries recognise the important role that SMEs and start-ups play in their economies, including women-owned SMEs and start-ups

The growth of the internet is seen from the increase in penetration or the significant number of internet users from the global point of view. In 2017, based on data from Internet World Stats, internet users have reached 49.6% of the world's population where this figure has increased 933.8% from 2000.

To capture the digital economy opportunities, however, policy makers will need to prioritize building the backbone infrastructure (including fiber connections and mobile networks) that can provide universal and low-cost Internet access. As private players are unlikely to undertake the full scope of this build-out, governments will have to drive this effort forward; those that do could secure a deep and lasting advantage. Additional challenges include establishing a policy framework for data sharing, online privacy, and cybersecurity as well as supporting Small and Medium-scaled Enterprises (SMEs) in technology adoption. (Source: “Southeast Asia at the Crossroads: Three Paths to Prosperity”, McKinsey Global Institute).

Across the region, SMEs account for more than 95 percent of all enterprises and generate more than 50 percent of domestic employment. Supporting their adoption of information technologies, including e-commerce, could bring about significant economic growth. While many multinationals are actively incorporating new technologies into their processes, SMEs tend to be much further behind and have limited awareness of how emerging technologies could be relevant for their businesses; as a result, they are often less productive and competitive than their larger counterparts.

Indonesia as a part of Southeast Asia as well as Asia-Pacific is also one of the countries where e-commerce industry is growing both from manufacturers’ side and buyers. The development of online transaction cannot be separated from the increasing number of internet users in Indonesia. According to the APJII (Indonesian Internet Service Provider Association) data in 2016, internet users in Indonesia have reached 132.7 million people or 51.8% of the total population of Indonesia with it dominant penetration is in Java by 65%. The figure makes Indonesia the fifth highest country in the world in terms of the number of internet users after China, India, the United States and Brazil.

SMEs are one of the most important pillars in maintaining the Indonesia's GDP integrity through majority-owned contribution, which is 60.34% of the total GDP of Indonesia in 2016. Not only have the role in helping the economic growth and development, SMEs also have an important contribution to overcoming the problem of unemployment and inequality. The study of World Bank said that by doubling broadband penetration rates and encouraging SMEs involvement digitally can boost Indonesia's annual economic growth by 2% to achieve the 7% growth target as a middle-income country by 2025.

For achieving several visions, missions and goals mentioned above, Indonesia would like to propose several questions to be discussed comprehensively in this Internet Governance Forum (IGF) then could be followed by more formal discussions and resolutions through the United Nations (UN) mechanism to facilitate cooperation on global SMEs development.

a) What are the programs, initiatives or policies of multistakeholder to improve the country’s economy based on well-adopted IT by SMEs?
b) How to develop national digital ecosystem to ensure SMEs can have proper position and bargaining power with global player (Multinasional Corporation)?
c) Which policy should be prioritized to harness the adoption of IT by SME’s: Cybersecurity? Personal Data Protection? Financial inclusiveness? Else?
Tag 1: Multistakeholder Cooperation
Tag 2: Digital Economy
Tag 3: Digital Inclusion
Name(s) of Speaker(s):
a) Mariam F. Barata, Secretary Directorate General ICT Application, MCIT Indonesia
b) Business Sector from Indonesia (Indonesia e-Commerce Association / IDEA)
c) Government Representative from Brazil and/or China
d) Business Sector from Multinational Corporation
e) Civil Society from Consumer Rights / Protection

Name of Online Moderator: Sindy Nur Fitri, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Indonesia.
Background Paper:
Past IGF Participation: Yes
Report Link: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/igf-2016-day-4-room-7-of48-indonesia
Name: Ms. Mariam Barata
Organizational Affiliation: Ministry of Information and Communications Technology

Thursday December 21, 2017 11:20 - 12:20 CET
Room IX - A United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG)